Which breeds of dogs are best for allergies

Dogs for allergy sufferers: an overview of five dog breeds

Keeping a dog despite an allergy?

A runny nose, watery eyes or sneezing attacks are not always due to a cold. They can also be signs of a dog allergy. However, those affected do not necessarily have to bury the dream of their own four-legged friend. There are dog breeds that are said to have a comparatively low allergy potential and can therefore also be kept by allergy sufferers.

But what should allergy sufferers watch out for when dealing with dogs and which breeds are particularly allergy-friendly?

What causes the allergic reaction?

Although a so-called dog hair allergy is often referred to, it is ultimately not the structure and consistency of the hair that trigger an allergy. Instead, the allergens (allergy triggers) are found in the dog's saliva and urine and are only transferred to the coat when it is cleaned.

Anyone who starts coughing in the presence of a dog or experiences severe itching around the eyes and nose should definitely consult a doctor and have an allergy test carried out. If a dog allergy is ignored in the long term and regular and close contact is maintained with the four-legged friend at the same time, the symptoms can worsen and, in the worst case, lead to asthma.

What can I do if I have a dog allergy?

Even long-term dog owners are not immune to a dog allergy that suddenly occurs. However, if you recognize the symptoms and seek appropriate treatment / advice, you do not necessarily have to do without your animal companion. On the one hand, there are effective drugs and therapies (desensitization) that can successfully suppress or even cure the allergy. On the other hand, some precautions can be taken to make it easier for allergy sufferers to live together with their four-legged friend: If you want to live with your dog as free of symptoms as possible, you should, for example, avoid swirling dust in the room and avoid carpeting. As with all animal allergies, the allergens get into the airways through dust particles swirling around in the air. It is also advisable to keep your four-legged friend away from the bedroom and from other seating or lounging areas - for example the sofa. Regular hand washing after direct contact with the animal is self-explanatory.

The less the dog sheds, the better

If you want to bring a dog into your house despite an allergy, you should ensure that your four-legged friend sheds as little hair as possible, as the majority of allergens get into the air through the fur.

Contrary to the popular assumption that short-haired dogs shed less hair, they lose significantly more fur compared to their long-haired conspecifics - especially in spring and autumn.

How much hair the dog loses is not the only criterion for whether the four-legged friend is suitable for allergy sufferers. It is assumed that some dog breeds have a comparatively low number of allergens and are therefore generally better tolerated than others.

In the following we introduce you to five dog breeds that should be particularly suitable for allergy sufferers.

The Portuguese Water Dog: Faithful and courageous companion

The Portuguese Water Dog is not only the national dog of Portugal, but is also enjoying increasing popularity among dog owners. Because the Portuguese Water Dog is not only extremely intelligent, but is also characterized by a loyal and courageous nature.

Due to its preference for water, it was used primarily in fishing in the past. There he helped to round up schools of fish and haul in nets.

Compared to other dog breeds, Portuguese Water Dogs shed little and do not undergo a seasonal coat change. That is why they are considered good dogs for allergy sufferers. But be careful: so that the hair of your four-legged friend does not become matted, it must be brushed regularly (around twice a week) - if you are allergic, you should leave this task to other family members or good friends.

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The Schnauzer: A child-friendly allergy dog

The enterprising schnauzers are also said to be particularly suitable for allergy sufferers. The Schnauzer originally comes from southern Germany, where it was used as a stable dog to hunt rats and mice. A good-hearted character and his great love of play make him a great companion for children today.

The fur of the Schnauzer consists of a soft undercoat and thick and hard outer hair. With proper care, the Schnauzer will hardly shed any hair. Nevertheless, regular brushing and the removal of dead undercoat are mandatory.

In addition, a visit to the dog salon should be planned at least twice a year in order to have the fur of the four-legged friend properly trimmed.

To the detailed breed portrait

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The Havanese: a happy fellow

If you are allergic to a small and family-friendly dog, you might be well advised with the Havanese.

Originally from Cuba, it was often used as a herding dog for poultry, sheep and goats. Like all other bichons, the Havanese is characterized by a happy and trusting nature and is one of the allergy-friendly dog ​​breeds. He has neither undercoat nor is he affected by the seasonal hair change.

Unfortunately, the grooming of the little four-legged friend is described as relatively laborious, since the fur has to be combed regularly and, at best, also trimmed. Whether it makes sense to buy a Havanese dog for allergy sufferers should therefore always be decided on a case-by-case basis.

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The poodle: a dog for enterprising families

The poodle still has to struggle with the reputation of the pampered lap dog - completely wrongly: because poodles are not only extremely intelligent, but also very willing and active to work. Active four-legged friends quickly get bored in the living room. Regular hours of play and long walks are therefore a must. In addition, dog sports such as agility or obedience can bring a successful change in everyday dog ​​life. As a child-loving companion, the poodle is particularly suitable for enterprising families.

The poodle very rarely loses hair and is not affected by the seasonal coat change. Therefore, he is also one of the allergy-friendly dogs. However, since the curly and wavy fur of the four-legged friend does not fall out, it must be trimmed. As an allergy sufferer, it is therefore advisable to have the poodle clipped regularly in a dog salon.

To the detailed breed portrait

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Goldendoodle and Labradoodle: hybrid dog breeds for those with allergies

Golden Retriever and Labrador Retriever are among the most popular dog breeds and have made a name for themselves as excellent guide and service dogs. Unfortunately, both breeds have hair and are therefore rather unsuitable for most allergy sufferers. In order to maintain the good qualities of the family-friendly four-legged friends and at the same time to create dogs for allergy sufferers, Golden Retrievers and Labradors were crossed with the equally friendly and cheerful poodle. The result are the hybrid dog breeds Goldendoodle and Labradoodle. Both are characterized by a good-natured and loyal nature and can be trained to be excellent guide dogs.

Their fur is considered easy to care for and suitable for allergy sufferers. Although the hybrid dog breeds need to be shorn at regular intervals (approximately every two months), brushing the Goldendoodle and Labradoodle once a week is sufficient.

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Dogs for allergy sufferers: Not every breed is suitable for everyone

Although Havanese, Labradoodle and Co. are considered dogs for allergy sufferers, those affected should not rush to buy them. After all, no two dogs are the same and there are also great differences between the breeds in terms of allergy potential. To see if there is no allergic reaction, you should spend a lot of time with your potential dream dog and visit him several times before buying a dog.

To make sure that nothing stands in the way of the long-term friendship between humans and animals, you can also take a targeted test at the doctor and use a few dog's hair to determine whether you react to the four-legged friend.