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History of the ICC World Cricket Championship - History of equity and trusts

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The History of the ICC cricket world The Cup dates back to 1975 when the first of its kind, known as The Prudential World Cup, was played in England. The 2019 World Cricket Championship was hosted by England.

Before the world championship

The first cricket test match was played between Australia and England in 1877. Cricket was contested at the 1900 Summer Olympics, in which Great Britain defeated France in 158 runs. However, the International Olympic Committee later canceled cricket as an Olympic sport.

The first attempt to host an international cricket competition was the 1912 Triangular Tournament. It was a test cricket tournament played in England between all three test match nations at the time. England, Australia and South Africa. Due to the bad weather and lack of public interest, the experiment was not repeated. From then on, international test cricket teams generally only participated in bilateral series, as opposed to tournaments or leagues that involved more than two nations.

In the early 1960s, English county cricket teams began playing a shortened version of cricket that lasted only one day. One-day cricket began as a 4-team knockout competition known as the Midlands Knock-Out Cup in 1962 and the Gillette Cup in 1963, and grew in popularity in a national league called the Sunday League, which was founded in 1969. The first One Day International emerged from a rain-broken test match near Melbourne between England and Australia in 1971 and was played on the last scheduled day. The forty over match (eight balls per over) was used to fill in time to make up for the frustrated crowd.

The success and popularity of the one-day national competitions in England and other parts of the world, as well as the early one-day internationals, led the International Cricket Council to consider organizing a world cricket championship.

The Prudential World Cups

The Prudential Cup trophy

The men's cricket world championship was first held in England in 1975. This was the only nation that could provide the resources to carry out such an event. The first three tournaments were officially named the Prudential Cup after financial services company Prudential plc sponsored the event. The games consisted of 60 overs per team and were played in traditional white uniforms and red balls. They were all played during the day. Eight teams took part in the first tournament: Australia, England, West Indies, Pakistan, India and New Zealand (the six test nations at the time) with Sri Lanka and a composite team from East Africa. A notable loophole was the South African cricket team, which did not start due to the international boycott of sports. West Indies won the first ever World Cricket Championship by beating Australia in the final in 17 runs.

The next two World Championships in 1979 and 1983 were again hosted by England. The 1979 World Cricket Championship introduced the ICC Trophy, a competition in which non-test teams were selected for the World Championship. Sri Lanka and Canada qualified through the ICC Trophy in 1979. West Indies again won the World Cup tournament, defeating England with 92 runs. At their meeting following the World Cup, the International Cricket Conference agreed to make the competition a four-year event.

The 1983 event was hosted by England for the third year in a row. By then, Sri Lanka had become a test player nation and Zimbabwe qualified through the ICC Trophy. India was crowned champions after upsetting the West Indies by 43 runs in the final. The odds of India winning the trophy were given as 66 to 1 prior to the start of the competition.

1987–1996

The 1987 World Cricket Championship was held in India and Pakistan. The first World Championship was held outside of England. It was also the first tournament where the West Indies failed to reach the final. The games have been reduced from 60 to 50 overs per innings, the current standard, due to the shorter daylight hours on the subcontinent compared to England. Australia won the championship by beating England in 7 runs. This was the closest lead in the history of the World Cup finals.

The 1992 Australian and New Zealand Cricket World Cup brought many changes to the game, such as colored clothing, white balls, day / night games and a change in field restrictions. It was the first tournament the South African cricket team participated in after the international boycott of sports ended. Referred to as the "Cornered Tigers" at the time, Pakistan got off to a bleak start as winners, beating England 22 runs in the finals at Melbourne Cricket Ground.

The 1996 championship was held for the second time in the Indian subcontinent, with Sri Lanka hosting some of its group stage games. This happened against the background of political upheavals in world cricket after a malicious Sri Lanka tour through Australia in 1995/96. After no-balling Sri Lanka's spinner Muttiah Muralitharan of Darrell Hair in a test match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the tour ended with a vicious ODI final in Sydney, with physical contact between Glenn McGrath and Sanath Jayasuriya and the rejection of the Sri Lankers shake hands at the end of the game. Some Australian players received death threats, compounded by a Tamil Tiger bombing in Colombo. Australia and the West Indies refused to play their respective games against Sri Lanka, resulting in both games being given to Sri Lanka by default. After lengthy negotiations, Kenya and Zimbabwe agreed to hold their Games in Sri Lanka. The Australian-led boycott has been heavily criticized by subcontinental cricket officials. Former Indian captain Kapil Dev called for Australia to be expelled.

On the field of play, the subcontinent's abrasive and dry surfaces meant that striking conditions were optimal at the start of the innings, before the ball was softer and more difficult to hit. Of the top five runscorers, four opened batsmen, with Mark Waugh being the first batsman to score three centuries in a tournament. Spin bowlers were most effective with four of the top six wicket takers. In the quarter-finals, the hosts India and Pakistan met in Bangalore. After Pakistani captain Wasim Akram retired due to injury, Ajay Jadeja hit 40 of Waqar Younis' last two overs, setting Pakistan a target of 288. Pakistan was good at 109/1 but after Aamer Sohail mocked Indian bowler Venkatesh Prasad after crossing a line, Prasad immediately threw him afterwards, causing a 3/19 breakdown from Prasad. After 39 runs were missed, the Pakistan government opened an investigation into the performance following angry public protests in which one person was killed and match-fixing allegations against Wasim. In the other quarter-finals, Australia and Sri Lanka beat New Zealand and England respectively, while South Africa, previously undefeated, was angered by the West Indies.

In the semi-finals, Sri Lanka headed for a devastating win over India at Eden Gardens, Calcutta after the hosts dropped from 120 to 8, while 98/1 in pursuit of 252 were defaulted to victory after protesting Indian performance Riots had broken out. In the other semi-final in Mohali, Australia beat the West Indies after the Caribbean team lost their last seven wickets for 29 runs in their chase. Sri Lanka continued its inaugural championship by beating favorites Australia in the final with seven wickets played in Lahore. Tensions continued between the two teams after the Australian streak. Sri Lankan captain Arjuna Ranatunga told the media about Australian leg spinner Shane Warne before the game and continued to stab Warne with his tongue during the game after hitting a six. Aravinda de Silva was named Man of the Game in the semi-finals.

Australian heights

The 1999 event returned to England after 16 years. Some games also took place in Ireland, Scotland and the Netherlands. After two group stage defeats, one of the favorites, Australia had to avoid losing seven games in a row to win the title. They then had to defeat South Africa in the last Super Six game at Headingley. After South Africa hit 271, Australia struggled when Captain Steve Waugh hit a ball straight at Herschelle Gibbs, who dropped it after attempting to toss the ball in celebration of Waugh's barbs that he was "the World Cup." dropped ". Waugh struck an unbeaten century to lead Australia to the goal in their Super Six game against South Africa after the final ball of the game. Australia then faced South Africa again in the semifinals, scoring a goal of 213. South Africa required nine runs from the final with one wicket remaining, with tournament man Lance Klusener on strike. He hit the first two balls against the fence, leaving one barrel of the remaining four balls. However, a mix-up between Klusener and Allan Donald on the fourth ball resulted in Donald dropping his bat and being stranded in the center of the field to leak. The game was a draw that allowed Australia to advance to the final based on previous results. In the other semifinals, Pakistan, which qualified first in both the group and Super Six stages, beat New Zealand by nine goals. In the final, Australia sacked Pakistan for 132 and reached the goal in just over 20 overs with eight wickets in hand.

A large crowd of over 10,000 fans greeted the Australian team at the conclusion of the first World Cup hat-trick - Martin Place, Sydney.

South Africa, Zimbabwe and Kenya hosted the 2003 World Cricket Championship. The number of teams participating in the event rose from twelve to fourteen. Due to political pressure and security concerns, Zimbabwe and Kenya received their games against England and New Zealand respectively after the latter teams lost the games. Kenya's victories against Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe as well as New Zealand's loss helped them to a semi-final against India, the best result for an employee. India defeated the Kenyans and prevailed in Johannesburg against Australia, which had defeated Sri Lanka in the other semifinals. In the final, Australia made 359 runs for losing two wickets, the largest sum in a final to beat India by 125 runs.

In 2007 the tournament was hosted by the West Indies; The cricket world championship was the first of its kind to be held on all six populated continents - Europe (1975, 1979, 1983, 1999). Asia (1987, 1996); Australasia (1992); Africa (2003); North and South America (2007). Ireland made their World Cup-linked debut with Zimbabwe, beating Pakistan to advance to the second round. There they defeated Bangladesh to be promoted to the main ODI table. After their loss to Ireland, Pakistani coach Bob Woolmer was found dead in his hotel room. Opposite reports from various sources state that he was either murdered or died of natural causes. Australia defeated Sri Lanka in the final with 53 runs (D / L) in poor light conditions. Extending her unbeaten run at the World Cup to 29 games and winning three World Cups in a row.

2011

The ICC World Cricket Championship 2011 was the tenth cricket world championship. It has been played in India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. India won the tournament and defeated Sri Lanka in the final at Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai with 6 wickets. India became the first country to win the World Cricket Championship final on home soil. India's Yuvraj Singh has been declared Man of the Tournament. This was the first time in the history of the World Cup that two Asian teams appeared in the final. It was also the first time since the 1992 World Cup that Australia was not in the final.

Historical formats of the final round

The number of teams and the format of the finals have changed significantly over the years. In summary:

year Host country (s) Teams Games Length in days Format of the first round Format of the last stages
1975 England 815142 groups of 4 in which the teams play against each other once Semifinals and finals
1979 England 815142 groups of 4 with teams playing against each other once Semifinals and finals
1983 England 827162 groups of 4 with teams playing against each other twice Semifinals and finals
1987 India and Pakistan 827312 groups of 4 in which the teams play against each other twice Semifinals and finals
1992 Australia and New Zealand 939321 group of 9 with teams playing against each other once Semifinals and finals
1996 India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka 1237322 groups of 6, each with teams playing, others once Quarter-finals, semi-finals and finals
1999 England, Ireland, the Netherlands and Scotland 1242372 groups of six, with the teams playing against each other once 1 group of 6 (with side s playing once against the top 3 of the other group), semi-finals and final
2003 South Africa, Kenya and Zimbabwe 1454422 groups of 7, with the teams playing against each other once 1 group of 6 (with the teams playing the top 3 of the other group once), semi-finals and final
2007 West Indies 1651464 groups of 4, with the teams playing against each other once 1 group of 8 (with teams that once play the top 4 of the other group), semi-finals and final
2011 India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh 1449422 groups of 7 with teams that play against each other once Quarter-finals, semi-finals and finals
2015 Australia and New Zealand 1449432 groups of 7, in which the teams play against each other once Quarter-finals, semi-finals and finals
2019 England 1048451 group of 10 with teams playing against each other once Semifinals and finals
2023 India 1048451 group of 10 with teams playing against each other once Semifinals and finals

Early format

The format of the World Cricket Championship has changed a lot over the course of its history. The first four tournaments each had eight teams, divided into two groups of four teams each. There were two phases, a group phase and a knockout phase. In the 1975 and 1979 World Cricket Championships, each team played a round robin, while in the following two tournaments, each team played the rest of their group twice. The two best teams in each group played the semi-finals and the winners of the semi-finals played against each other in the final.

Test formats

At the 1992 World Cricket Championship, all teams played against each other once. The top 4 qualified for the knockout phase, which was held similar to the previous events. At the 1996 World Cricket Championship, the number of teams rose from nine to twelve and was divided into two groups. The four best teams in each group qualified this time for the knockout phase, which also included the quarter-finals.

Super stage era

The 1999 Cricket World Cup had a similar format for the group stage, but the second stage saw dramatic changes, with a "Super Six" round replacing the quarter-finals. There were still two groups of six, but only three teams from each group went on to the next phase. In the Super Six round, every qualifier from Group A played against every qualifier from Group B. The teams scored points from their victories in the Super Six and also scored points against the other two teams that had qualified in the group stage from the same group . The top four Super Six teams played the semi-finals and the rest of the tournament followed in a similar fashion to its predecessors. The 2003 event had a similar structure to the 1999 competition. The number of participants rose to fourteen, with seven teams in each pool in the group stage. The Super Six qualifiers also added a point for each group stage win over non-qualifiers, a complexity dropped for the next World Cup.

At the 2007 World Cricket Championship, 16 teams were divided into four groups of four. Eleven teams with the status of One Day International automatically qualified for the tournament, while the other five teams were selected from the ICC Trophy. Within each group, the teams played against each other in a round robin format and the two best teams reached the "Super 8" round. The eight remaining teams then played in round robin format, except that they did not play against the other team that had emerged from their respective group.The four best teams in the Super 8 round made it to the semifinals, and the winners of the semifinals contested the final.

Return to the quarterfinals

In 2007 the Super 8 round suffered from a lack of spectators because the tournament was too long (24 games). , but also because big teams like India and Pakistan were eliminated from the tournament in the group stage (2007 World Cricket Championship). The ICC has decided to exclude two teams from the 2011 tournament. 14 teams were divided into two groups of seven, from which the four best teams in each group qualified for the quarter-finals. This resulted in more games being added in the earlier stages of the tournament as opposed to the second stage. Also, add more knockout games (seven versus the three in 2007) to add interest to the television audience.

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