What is the longest river in Europe

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Longest river in Europe: Volga

With a length of 3,530 kilometers, the Volga the longest river in Europe.

It rises in the Valdai Mountains, in a town called Volgo-Verjovie, between the cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg, at about 228 meters above sea level. It has about 200 tributaries.

The river flows through forests, forest steppes and steppes in Russia. Four of the ten largest cities in Russia, including the state capital Moscow, are located in the catchment area of ​​the Volga.

The longest rivers in Europe in comparison

The Volga can be divided into three sections:

  1. Upper Volga, from the upper reaches to the Oka.
  2. Mittelwolga, from the Oka to the confluence with the Kama.
  3. Lower Volga, from the Kama to the Caspian Sea.

How long is the Volga river and how big is it?

The Volga is 3,530 kilometers long, making it the longest river on the European continent. Its catchment area has an area of ​​1,360,000 square kilometers, making it the 18th largest in the world.

The Volga river delta

With an area of ​​18,985 square kilometers, the Volga Delta is the largest river delta in Europe. It arises when the largest river system in Europe, the Volga, flows into the Caspian Sea downstream of the city of Astrakhan.

What is the state of conservation of the Volga?

The Volga is currently polluted, with negative ecological consequences; the main fisheries in the Volga are affected. Most of the river's pollution comes from industrial and agricultural waste.

There are 13 biosphere reserves in the Volga River Basin that are helping to raise awareness of the pollution and deterioration of the Volga River.

Overview: the 10 longest rivers in Europe in comparison

flowlengthoriginmouthDrainH / N
Volga3,530 kmRussiaCaspian Sea8,064 m³ / sMain river
Danube2,845 kmGermanyBlack Sea6,700 m³ / sMain river
Dnepr2,285 kmRussiaBlack Sea1,670 m³ / sMain river
Don1,870 kmRussiaSea of ​​Azov935 m³ / sMain river
Kama1,805 kmRussiaVolga1,754 m³ / sTributary
Pechora1,802 kmRussiaLake Pechora4,379 m³ / sMain river
Oka1,480 kmRussiaVolga1,258 m³ / sTributary
Belaja1,430 kmRussiaKama844 m³ / sTributary
Dnestr1,352 kmUkraineBlack Sea310 m³ / sMain river
Rhine1,233 kmSwitzerlandNorth Sea2,300 m³ / sMain river

Second longest river in Europe: Danube

The Danube is the second after the Volga second longest river in Europe and owns a Length of 2,845 kilometers. The river flows through large parts of Central and Southeastern Europe, from the Black Forest to the Black Sea. Its longest source river, the Breg, has its source in Furtwangen in the Black Forest. The river bears his name because of the confluence in Donaueschingen.

The Danube in Regensburg: the river is the second longest river in Europe

The Danube was once a longstanding border of the Roman Empire and is now the river that flows through most of the world's countries (10; the Nile ranks second at 9). It rises in Germany and flows in a south-easterly direction, where it crosses Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova and Ukraine or borders on these countries before it flows into the Black Sea.

Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade and Bratislava are the largest cities along the Danube and at the same time are capitals of their respective countries. Six other capitals are in the catchment area of ​​the Danube: Bucharest, Sofia, Zagreb, Ljubljana, Sarajevo and Pristina. The fourth largest city in the catchment area is the Bavarian capital of Munich, which is located on the Isar.

Fish species such as pike, pikeperch, huchen, catfish, burbot and tench are native to the catchment area of ​​the Danube. A large variety of carp and sturgeon as well as salmon and trout are also at home here. In the Danube Delta and in the lower part of the river there are some euryhal fish species such as sea bass, mullet and eel.

The Danube has been a traditional trade route in Europe since ancient times. Today, 2,415 km of its total length are navigable. The Danube is connected to the North Sea via the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal, which connects the Danube near Kelheim with the Main near Bamberg. The river is also an important source of hydropower and drinking water.

Third longest river in Europe: Dnepr

The Dnieper rises in the Valdai Mountains near Smolensk, Russia, before flowing through Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea. It is the longest river in Ukraine and Belarus and the third longest river in Europe. The Total length is 2,285 km with a catchment area of ​​504,000 square kilometers.

Historically, the river was an important barrier that divided Ukraine into a right and a left bank. Nowadays the river is known for its dams and hydroelectric power stations. The Dnieper is an important navigable waterway for the economy of Ukraine.

Fourth longest river in Europe: Don

With a Length of 1,870 km, the Don is the fourth longest river in Europe. It flows from central Russia to the Sea of ​​Azov in southern Russia. It is one of the largest rivers in Russia and played an important role for traders from the Byzantine Empire.

Its catchment area lies between the Dnieper Basin in the west, the lower Volga Basin immediately in the east and the Oka Basin (tributary of the Volga) in the north. Much of the basin was populated by Slav nomads.

The Don rises in the city of Novomoskovsk, 60 kilometers southeast of Tula (again 193 kilometers south of Moscow), and flows 1,870 kilometers to the Sea of ​​Azov.

The main city on the river is Rostov-on-Don. Its main tributary is the Seversky Donets, the center of which is in the middle east of Ukraine, the other country in the entire catchment area.

Fifth longest river in Europe: Kama

With a length of 1,805 kilometers, the Kama River is the fifth longest river in Europe. It has a catchment area of ​​5,800 square kilometers and is the longest left tributary of the Volga. At its confluence, the Kama is even larger than the Volga.

The Kama begins in the Udmurt Republic near Kuliga, flows 200 kilometers northwest, turns northeast near Loyno for another 200 kilometers, then turns south and west in the Perm region, flows again through the Udmurt Republic and then through the Republic of Tatarstan, where it meets the Volga.

Before the arrival of the railways, important portages connected the Kama with the basins of the Northern Dvina and the Pechora.

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