What do Naxalites want in India
Non-fiction. Neuer ISP-Verlag, Karlsruhe 2011, 416 pages, € 32.00
A ghost looms in South Asia - the ghost of communism in its Maoist form. Many governments in the neighboring countries followed the election victory of the Nepalese Maoists in 2008 with concern - including the Indian government. Because in India Maoists also operate under the label “Naxalites”. Secret services estimate the number of their armed fighters at 20,000, plus many times as many women supporters - especially in some central and east Indian states. Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh regards them as "the greatest threat to internal security". For Lutz Getzschmann, the renewed upswing of the Naxalites, which have existed since the late 1960s, can also be traced back to the consequences of the market opening in the early 1990s. He assumes that in the next ten to twenty years around 400 million people will be forced to leave their rural areas and move to the cities.
In the transition phase, so his thesis, the influence of the Naxalites will continue to increase, because they will recruit themselves from the losers of the economic upheaval: small farmers and landless people, Dalits and Adivasis, who still populate the Indian rainforests today and are now supposed to give way because mining companies have natural resources want to promote.
Using many examples, the author explains how human rights are systematically violated under the pretext of “fighting the Naxalites”. 1.4 million paramilitaries under the direct command of the Interior Ministry in New Delhi are terrorizing the population. The case of the British mining company Vedanta, which mines bauxite in the state of Orissa in a region inhabited by several thousand Adivasis, is particularly spicy. The Indian interior minister, Palaniappan Chidambaram, sat on the supervisory board of the mining company before his ministerial career.
The social scientist fully lives up to the self-formulated claim to present a first German-language complete presentation of the Naxalites with this book.
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