Is God's name real
In the secular area, the word sacrament originally referred to the "oath of the soldiers" or a sum of money that was placed as bail during a trial.
In the Latin Bible, the word coming from the Greek is used instead of sacrament "Mystery" uses and thus gets the basic meaning "Secret".
Theologians say Jesus Christ be that in his word, his actions and his person Primordial sacrament of God's love for man. That is also in the same sense church Sacrament (theologians call it Basic Sacrament); i.e .: The church has the task of proclaiming and doing God's love for people. This unfolds in individual acts of signs, the sacraments.
To be on top baptism and Eucharistwhich are also recognized as a sacrament by the Protestant churches. The Catholic Church stops together with the Eastern Church seven sacraments firmly: baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, confession, marriage, Ordination andAnointing of the sick. Baptism is the prerequisite for receiving the other sacraments.
Source: Dorn, Anton Magnus; Eberts, Gerhard (Ed.),
Editorial manual for the Catholic Church, Munich 1996
Visible and audible signs of God's work
The sacraments used to be referred to as "Means of grace" or "Remedies" of the Church; that was certainly correct. But there was something of something tangible and automatic: one “donates”, another “receives”; and in this exchange of giving and receiving, grace is passed on.
One could also describe exactly what belongs to a sacrament: Outer characters, Inner grace, Institution through Jesus Christ. But then the difficulty began; because for some sacraments we have no express institution of Jesus (e.g. Confirmation), for other sacraments there is no clear external sign (e.g. marriage); on the other hand, a rite that perfectly fulfills all three requirements is not a sacrament: the washing of the feet!
Today we like to use the terms "Character" or "Symbol" revealed what the sacraments are: Visible and audible signs for the invisible work of God among us. That's why we callChrist the "Original sacrament": In his incarnation, the invisible God entered our human history in a visible, audible and tangible way; he is the ultimate sacrament. The Church continues this sacramental sign, we call it the "Basic Sacrament": Wherever people are visibly and audibly gathered in Jesus' name, the invisible Christ becomes present in visible communion.
As Jesus Christ brings people together and thereby creates church, his work in this world is continued. This "Being a church" is now carried out in concrete terms in individual sacraments. Just as Jesus is a visible sign of God and as the Church continues this visibility of the invisible, is in the visible signs and gestures of the sacraments and in the interpretive wordsGod himself at workas the one who lovingly reveals himself and gives himself to people.
That happens especially in human borderline situations:
1. Entry into life (baptism),
2. Growing up (confirmation),
3. guilt (repentance),
4. life-threatening illness (anointing),
5. Community as the body of Christ (Eucharist),
6. lifelong partnership (marriage),
7. Lifelong service (ordination).
The church would of course also have from other characterscan say that their essence and their work as a church is realized in it - just think of itAsh cross, washing of feet, rites of blessing, religious profession etc. - but she focused on these seven characters while Augustine still from over 300 sacraments ran out of! In the church as the "body of Christ" God's presence reveals, gives, and heals.
“The original sacrament is Jesus Christ. He is the "image", the "real symbol", the "embodiment" of God into our world. It is the word of God that does not speak about God, but brings him into our history. He is the hand that God extends to us, in short: the sacrament par excellence. "
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