Should I transfer universities 1

Chapter 1 - Higher Education Framework Act (HRG)

revised by B. v. January 19, 1999 Federal Law Gazette I p. 18; last amended by Article 1 G. v. November 15, 2019 Federal Law Gazette I p. 1622
Valid from 01/30/1976; FNA: 2211-3 Education, Science and Research
5 earlier versions | is quoted in 44 regulations

Chapter 1 Tasks of the Universities

1. Section General Provisions

§ 2 tasks

§ 3 Equal rights for women and men

§ 4 Freedom from art and science, research, teaching and study

§ 5 State funding

§ 6 Evaluation of research, teaching, promotion of young scientists and gender equality

2. Section Studies and Teaching

§ 7 Aim of the course

§ 8 Study Reform

§ 9 Coordination of the study and examination regulations

§ 10 courses of study

§ 11 Standard period of study up to the first professional qualification

§ 12 Postgraduate courses

§ 13 Distance learning, multimedia

§ 14 Student Advisory Service

§ 15 Examinations and the credit point system

§ 16 Examination Regulations

§ 17 Taking the exam early

§ 18 University degrees

§ 19 Bachelor and Master courses

§ 20 Studies at foreign universities

§ 21 (dropped out)

3. Research section

§ 22 Tasks and coordination of research

§ 23 (dropped out)

§ 24 Publication of research results

§ 25 Research with Third Party Funds

Section 26 Development Projects


Chapter 1 Tasks of the Universities

1. Section General Provisions

§ 2 tasks


§ 2 is quoted in 1 provision


(1) 1Universities, in accordance with their tasks, serve to maintain and develop the sciences and the arts through research, teaching, study and further education in a liberal, democratic and social constitutional state. 2They prepare for professional activities that require the application of scientific knowledge and methods or the ability to create art.


(2) The universities promote the next generation of academics and artists in accordance with their tasks.


(3) The universities promote the further training of their staff.


(4) 1The universities contribute to the social promotion of students; they take into account the special needs of students with children. 2They ensure that disabled students are not disadvantaged in their studies and that they can take advantage of the university's offers without outside help as far as possible. 3You promote sport in your area.


(5) The universities promote international, in particular European, cooperation in higher education and the exchange between German and foreign universities; they take into account the special needs of foreign students.


(6) 1The universities cooperate with each other and with other state and state-sponsored research and educational institutions in the performance of their tasks. 2This applies in particular to the cooperation in higher education that is required after the unification of Germany.


(7) The universities promote the transfer of knowledge and technology.


(8) The universities inform the public about the fulfillment of their tasks.


(9) 1The different tasks of the types of university according to § 1 sentence 1 and the tasks of the individual universities are determined by the state. Tasks other than those specified in this Act may only be assigned to the universities if they are related to the tasks specified in paragraph 1.


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§ 3 Equal rights for women and men


§ 3 is quoted in 1 provision


1The universities promote the actual implementation of equality between women and men and work towards eliminating existing disadvantages. 2The tasks and rights of participation of the women's and gender equality officers at the universities are regulated by state law.


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§ 4 Freedom from art and science, research, teaching and study



(1) The state and the universities must ensure that the members of the university can exercise the fundamental rights guaranteed by Article 5, Paragraph 3, Clause 1 of the Basic Law.


(2) 1The freedom of research (Article 5, Paragraph 3, Clause 1 of the Basic Law) includes in particular the question, the principles of the methodology and the evaluation of the research result and its dissemination. 2Decisions of the responsible university bodies in questions of research are permissible insofar as they relate to the organization of research, the promotion and coordination of research projects and the formation of research priorities; they may not impair freedom within the meaning of sentence 1. Sentences 1 and 2 apply to artistic development projects and to the practice of art accordingly.


(3) 1The freedom of teaching (Article 5, Paragraph 3, Clause 1 of the Basic Law) includes, without prejudice to Article 5, Paragraph 3, Clause 2 of the Basic Law, within the scope of the teaching tasks to be performed, in particular holding courses and their content and methodological design the right to express scientific and artistic doctrinal opinions. 2Decisions of the responsible university bodies in questions of teaching are permissible insofar as they relate to the organization of teaching and the establishment of and compliance with study and examination regulations; they may not impair freedom within the meaning of sentence 1.


(4) 1The freedom of study includes, without prejudice to the study and examination regulations, in particular the free choice of courses, the right to determine priorities within a course of one's own choosing, as well as the development and expression of scientific and artistic opinions. 2Decisions of the responsible university bodies on issues relating to studies are permissible insofar as they relate to the organization and proper implementation of teaching and study operations and to ensuring proper studies.


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§ 5 State funding



1The state funding of the universities is based on the achievements in research and teaching as well as in the promotion of young academics. 2 Progress in fulfilling the gender equality mandate must also be taken into account.


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§ 6 Evaluation of research, teaching, promotion of young scientists and gender equality



1The work of the universities in research and teaching, in promoting young academics and in fulfilling the gender equality mandate should be evaluated on a regular basis. 2The students are to be involved in the assessment of the quality of teaching. 3The results of the evaluations are to be published.


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2. Section Studies and Teaching

§ 7 Aim of the course


Section 7 is quoted in 1 provision


Teaching and studying are intended to prepare the student for a professional field of activity and impart the necessary specialist knowledge, skills and methods for the respective degree program in such a way that he is able to do scientific or artistic work and to act responsibly in a liberal, democratic and social constitutional state .


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§ 8 Study Reform



The universities have the constant task, in cooperation with the responsible government agencies, to review and further develop the content and forms of studies with regard to developments in science and art, the needs of professional practice and the necessary changes in the professional world.


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§ 9 Coordination of the study and examination regulations


Section 9 is quoted in 3 provisions


(1) The Federal Government and the Länder jointly ensure that fundamental and structural issues relating to the courses are dealt with, taking into account developments in science, in professional practice and in the university system.


(2) The federal states jointly ensure that the equivalence of corresponding study and examination achievements as well as degrees and the possibility of changing universities are guaranteed.


(3) The universities and experts from professional practice are to be involved in the performance of the tasks according to Paragraphs 1 and 2.


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§ 10 courses of study


§ 10 is quoted in 8 regulations


(1) 1The degree programs usually lead to a professional qualification. 2The completion of a course of study through which the technical suitability for a vocational preparatory service or an occupational introduction is conveyed also counts as a professional qualification within the meaning of this law. 3If the respective course objective already requires practical work, it must be coordinated with the other parts of the course in terms of content and time and, if possible, be included in the course.


(2) 1In the examination regulations, the study times are to be stipulated in which a professional qualification can be acquired (standard study time). 2The standard period of study includes periods of practical work that is part of the course, practical semesters of study and examination periods. 3The standard period of study is decisive for the design of the study programs by the university, for ensuring the range of courses, for the design of the examination procedure as well as for the determination and determination of the training capacities (§ 29 Paragraph 1) and the calculation of the number of students when planning the university.


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§ 11 Standard period of study up to the first professional qualification


§ 11 is quoted in 2 provisions


1The standard period of study up to the first professional qualification is, without prejudice to Section 19, Paragraph 2, Clause 2,

1.
a maximum of four years for university of applied sciences courses,

2.
four and a half years for other courses.

2 Standard periods of study beyond this may be stipulated in particularly justified cases; this also applies to courses that are carried out in special forms of study. 3 In suitable subject areas, courses of study are to be set up which lead to a first professional qualification in a shorter period of time.

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§ 12 Postgraduate courses



1For graduates of a university degree, additional, supplementary and postgraduate studies (postgraduate studies) can be offered to impart further scientific or professional qualifications or to deepen a degree, in particular to train young scientists and artists. 2Postgraduate courses leading to a Diplom or Magister degree should last a maximum of two years. 3§ 19 para. 3 remains unaffected.


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§ 13 Distance learning, multimedia



(1) 1When reforming studies and teaching and making available courses, the possibilities of distance learning and information and communication technology should be used. 2Bundes, Länder and universities promote this development within the scope of their responsibilities.


(2) 1A study performance provided for in the examination regulations is also proven by successful participation in a corresponding distance learning unit, provided that the unit is equivalent in content to the corresponding course offerings of the face-to-face study. 2The determination of equivalence is regulated by state law.


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§ 14 Student Advisory Service



1The university informs students and applicants about the study opportunities and the content, structure and requirements of a degree. 2During the entire course of study, she supports the students with specialist advice during their studies. 3Until the end of the first year of the course, it will orient itself on the course of studies to date, inform the students and, if necessary, provide course counseling. 4The university should cooperate in particular with the bodies responsible for career counseling and the state examinations when it comes to student advice.


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§ 15 Examinations and credit point system


§ 15 is quoted in 1 provision


(1) 1The course is usually completed with a university examination, a state examination or a church examination. 2In courses of study with a standard period of at least four years, an intermediate examination takes place. 3Examinations can also be taken during the course. 4The transition to the main course usually requires the successful completion of an intermediate examination.


(2) 1For all suitable courses of study, the prerequisites are to be determined under which a final examination taken within the standard period of study is deemed not to have been taken in the event of failure (free attempt). State law can stipulate that an examination passed in a free attempt can be repeated to improve grades.


(3) A credit point system is to be created as evidence of study and examination achievements, which also enables the transfer of achievements to other courses of study at the same or another university.


(4) Examination achievements may only be assessed by persons who themselves have at least the qualification to be determined by the examination or an equivalent qualification.


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§ 16 Examination Regulations


Section 16 has 1 earlier version and is quoted in 2 provisions


1University examinations are taken on the basis of examination regulations that require the approval of the body responsible under state law. 2Examination requirements and procedures are to be designed in such a way that the final examination can be completed in full within the standard period of study. 3Examination regulations must allow the use of the protection periods of § 3 of the Maternity Protection Act as well as the periods of the state legal regulations on parental leave. 4Examination regulations must take into account the special needs of disabled students in order to maintain their equal opportunities. 5The approval of an examination regulation must be refused if it provides for a standard period of study that is incompatible with Section 11 or Section 19. 6The approval can be refused in particular if the examination regulations do not comply with other regulations on the standard period of study. 7The body responsible under state law can request changes to the current examination regulations in particular if these do not meet the requirements of sentences 2 to 6.



Text in the version of Article 6 of the Law on the New Regulation of Maternity Protection Law G. v. May 23, 2017 Federal Law Gazette I p. 1228 w.v. January 1, 2018


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§ 17 Taking the exam early



University examinations can be taken before the deadline set for registration has expired, provided that the performance required for admission to the examination has been proven.


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§ 18 University degrees



(1) 1On the basis of the university examination, with which a professional qualification is acquired, the university can award a diploma with an indication of the subject area. 2On the basis of the university examination at universities of applied sciences or in university of applied sciences courses of other universities, the diploma degree is awarded with the addition "University of Applied Sciences" ("FH"). 3The university can also award a diploma on the basis of a state examination or a church examination with which a university degree is completed. 4The state law can provide that a university awards a master’s degree for the professional qualification of a degree; this does not apply, without prejudice to § 19, to the degree in a university of applied sciences course. 5According to the more detailed provisions of state law, a university can award degrees other than those mentioned in sentences 1, 2 and 4 for the professional qualification of a degree on the basis of an agreement with a foreign university. 6A degree according to sentence 5 can also be awarded in addition to one of the degrees mentioned in sentences 1, 2 and 4.


(2) 1In addition, state law determines which university degrees are awarded. 2It can provide that the art colleges award degrees other than those mentioned in paragraph 1 for the professional qualification of a degree.


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§ 19 Bachelor and Master courses


Section 19 is quoted in 5 provisions


(1) The universities can set up courses of study that lead to a bachelor's or bachelor's degree and a master's or master's degree.


(2) 1On the basis of examinations with which a first professional qualification is acquired, the university can award a bachelor's or bachelor's degree. 2The standard period of study is at least three and a maximum of four years.


(3) 1On the basis of examinations with which a further professional qualification is acquired, the university can award a master’s or magister’s degree.2The standard period of study is a minimum of one year and a maximum of two years.


(4) In the case of consecutive courses of study that lead to degrees in accordance with Paragraphs 2 and 3, the total standard period of study is a maximum of five years.


(5) Section 11 sentence 2 applies accordingly.


(6) Upon request, the universities shall enclose an English-language translation with the certificates for the award of academic degrees.


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§ 20 Studies at foreign universities



1Study and examination achievements that have been achieved at foreign universities are recognized if their equivalence has been established. 2 § 5a Paragraph 1 Clause 2 and § 112 of the German Judges Act remain unaffected.


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§ 21 (dropped out)




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3. Research section

§ 22 Tasks and coordination of research



1Research in universities serves to gain scientific knowledge as well as the scientific foundation and further development of teaching and studies. 2The subject of research in the universities, taking into account the tasks of the university, can be all scientific areas as well as the application of scientific knowledge in practice, including the consequences that may result from the application of scientific knowledge. 3For the mutual coordination of research projects and research priorities and for the planning and implementation of joint research projects, the universities cooperate with one another, with other research institutions and with institutions of supraregional research planning and research funding.


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§ 23 (dropped out)




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§ 24 Publication of research results



When publishing research results, employees who have made their own scientific or other significant contribution are to be named as co-authors; as far as possible, your contribution is to be marked.


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§ 25 Research with Third Party Funds



(1) 1The university members who are active in research are entitled, within the scope of their official duties, to carry out research projects that are not financed from the budget available to the university, but from third-party funds; their obligation to fulfill the other official duties remains unaffected. The implementation of projects according to sentence 1 is part of university research.


(2) A university member is entitled to carry out a research project in accordance with paragraph 1 in the university if the fulfillment of other tasks of the university as well as the rights and obligations of other persons are not impaired and any consequential charges are adequately taken into account; the research results should generally be published in the foreseeable future.


(3) 1A research project according to paragraph 1 is to be reported. The implementation of such a project must not be made dependent on a permit. 3The use of staff, material resources and facilities of the university may only be prohibited or restricted by conditions insofar as the prerequisites of paragraph 2 so require.


(4) 1The funds for research projects carried out in the university should be administered by the university. 2The funds are to be used for the purpose specified by the sponsor and managed according to the sponsor's terms and conditions, unless otherwise stipulated by law. 3If the conditions are not regulated, the provisions of the country shall apply in addition. 4At the request of the university member who is carrying out the project, the university should refrain from administering the funds, provided this is compatible with the donor's conditions; Sentence 3 does not apply in this case.


(5) 1 Full-time employees who are paid from third-party funds for research projects that are carried out at the university should, subject to sentence 3, be hired as staff of the university under an employment contract. 2The appointment presupposes that the employee has been proposed by the university member who is carrying out the project. 3If this is compatible with the conditions of the sponsor, the university member can conclude employment contracts with the employees in justified cases.


(6) Financial income of the university from research projects carried out in the university, in particular from income that the university receives as payment for the use of personnel, material resources and facilities, is available to the university for the fulfillment of its tasks.


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Section 26 Development Projects



The provisions of this section apply mutatis mutandis to development projects in the context of applied research as well as to artistic development projects.


Link to this site: https://www.buzer.de/gesetz/2476/b6915.htm

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