What is the scientific name of chili


Chili is a small, hot pepper and, like all types of pepper, belongs to the nightshade family. In her home country South and Central America she found a wide range of medical uses. Once discovered, it quickly spread throughout Europe as a herb and medicinal product. Dropsy, intermittent fever and indigestion are just some of the areas of application described. Characteristic of the hot pod is its beneficial effect on blood circulation and digestion. In addition, the ingredient capsaicin has a pain-relieving effect. The blood circulation-promoting and pain-relieving effect of capsaicin is used today in heat and pain plasters. Important areas of application are chronic joint pain, rheumatic complaints and neuropathic pain.

Scientific name: Capsicum annuum.


The scientific name Capsicum annuum describes a group of hundreds of paprika plants - from mild sweet peppers to moderately hot peppers to hot chilli and cayenne. The capsaicin content is decisive for the degree of spiciness. This component is also held responsible for the medicinal properties of the plants. The capsaicin content of a plant is rated using the Scoville scale. Most of the chilli varieties from the Capsicum annuum group are in the mild to medium range. There are also chilli varieties of other types of paprika, for example Capsicum chinense. Some of these are much sharper. Some examples of Scoville units:

  • Sweet peppers: 0-10
  • Hot peppers: 10-500
  • Green chilli: 500–1000
  • Jalapeño chilli: 2500-8000
  • Pure cayenne pepper: 30,000–50,000
  • Tabasco and Thai chilli: 50,000-100,000
  • Habanero chilli: 100,000-350,000
  • Pure capsaicin crystals: 15,000,000-16,000,000

Chili originally comes from countries in South and Central America. Today the plant is cultivated in all warmer areas. In culture, the plant is almost always kept as an annual. It grows up to 150 cm in height - stretched upwards or as a bushy subshrub. A bare stem that branches upwards is characteristic of many chilli varieties. The mostly single leaves are of different shape. June to September is the blooming time of the chilli. The flowers are usually single, with some varieties also in pairs or in threes. Its cup is bell-shaped from five leaves. The four to seven petals are white to yellowish, rarely purple to purple. A typical feature are the mostly bluish stamens in the center of the corolla. The chilli fruit is very variable in color and shape, depending on the variety. From a botanical point of view, it is a berry.
The fresh and dried fruits of various types of chilli containing capsaicin are used medicinally.

Areas of application

External application: for painful muscle tension, chronic joint pain, rheumatic complaints and neuropathic pain
External use in folk medicine: for rheumatic complaints, arthritis, lumbago, chilblains, as a cream to promote blood circulation
Internal application in folk medicine: for gastrointestinal disorders, to increase potency and to prevent arteriosclerosis, stroke and heart disease
Indian medicine: for gout, arthritis, sciatica, cough and hoarseness, cholera, edema, anorexia, for lowering fever in malaria, yellow fever, scarlet fever and typhoid
Homeopathy: for inflammation of the urinary tract, gastrointestinal tract, mouth and throat, and middle ear suppuration
Nutrition: as a spice.
Other application: in industry and technology for tear gas production


Daily dose: 10 g of drug
Decoction: Prepare 500 ml water with 5 g powder drug, 3 g powdered cascarilla bark and 5 g powdered rhubarb root and bring to the boil, pour off, drink 2 cups a day
Homeopathy: for acute complaints 5 drops or 1 tablet or 10 globules or 1 pinch of trituration every 30–60 minutes, for chronic complaints 1–3 times a day
Finished medicinal products: Ointments, plasters, balms
Tincture: with 90% ethanol V / V (volume per volume). External use should be limited to 2 days. The two-day application can only be repeated after a two-week break.

Risks and side effects:

There are no risks associated with the intended use of therapeutic drugs. Children, pregnant and breastfeeding women should generally refrain from using it. For full precautions, see the drug product information sheet.

Internal application: With high doses of internal use, diarrhea, stomach irritation, tears, runny nose and burning sensation during defecation can occur. Breathing and swallowing disorders as well as intestinal and biliary colic are also possible with high doses. Toxic doses lead to life-threatening hypothermia due to a disruption of the temperature regulation. Long-term internal use favors the development of chronic gastritis.

External application: When applied externally, local skin irritation with burning, itching, overheating and / or reddening occurs in most cases. Slight local reactions at the start of treatment are normal and will subside over time. If the irritation persists, as well as blistering or ulceration, discontinuing therapy or reducing the dose should be considered. Due to its highly irritating properties, the drug is not allowed to be used on mucous membranes and broken skin. The drug must also not get into the eye!

Source: Thomas Brendler, Joerg Gruenwald, Christof Jaenicke: Medicinal Plants CD-ROM (Herbal Remedies), 2003 MedPharm


Sandra Göbel | last changed on at 17:06