How does a motorized wheelchair work

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Extract from the road traffic regulations (StVO)

Driving on public roads

All electric wheelchairs are motor vehicles in the sense of the StVZO, including a room electric wheelchair that is used on public roads!

Your vehicle is subject to road traffic regulations, which is why the electric wheelchair must be equipped with a lighting system as soon as it is used in public transport. These include the headlights, taillights, turn signals and rear and side reflectors (reflectors).

Road Traffic Regulations (StVO)
I. General traffic rules

§ 2 Use of the road by vehicles

(1) Vehicles must use the lanes, the right of two lanes. Hard shoulder are not part of the road.

(4) Bicycles must be ridden one after the other; Driving next to each other is only allowed if this does not hinder traffic. There is only an obligation to use cycle paths in the respective direction of travel if this is instructed by signs 237, 240 or 241. Right cycle lanes without the signs 237, 240 or 241 may be used. Left cycle paths without the signs 237, 240 or 241 may only be used if this is indicated by the standalone additional sign "Cycle traffic free". Those who ride a bike are also allowed to use the right shoulder if there are no bike paths and if those walking are not obstructed. Outside built-up areas, you can use bike paths with mopeds and e-bikes.

(5) Children up to the age of eight must, children up to the age of ten are allowed to use sidewalks with bicycles. If there is a cycle path that is structurally separated from the road, then, in deviation from sentence 1, children up to the age of eight may also use this cycle path. If a child up to the age of eight is accompanied by a suitable supervisor, this supervisor may also use the sidewalk by bicycle for the duration of the accompaniment; a supervisor is particularly suitable if they are at least 16 years old. Special consideration must be given to those walking. Pedestrian traffic must neither be endangered nor hindered. If necessary, the speed must be adapted to the pedestrian traffic. Before crossing a lane, the children and the person accompanying them must dismount.

§ 24 Special Means of Transport

(1) Push and push rim wheelchairs, toboggan sleds, strollers, scooters, children's bicycles, inline skates, roller skates and similar non-motorized means of transport are not vehicles within the meaning of the regulation. The regulations for pedestrian traffic apply accordingly to traffic with these means of transport.

(2) Elevators or other wheelchairs mentioned in paragraph 1 may be used where pedestrian traffic is permitted, but only at walking pace.

Excerpt from the Road Traffic Licensing Regulations (StVZO)

B. Vehicles
I. Vehicle registration in general

§ 16 Basic rule of admission

(2) Push and push rim wheelchairs, toboggan sleds, baby carriages, scooters, children's bicycles and similar non-motorized or auxiliary means of transport with a maximum design speed of no more than 6 km / h are not vehicles within the meaning of this ordinance.

III. Building and operating regulations
2. Motor vehicles and their trailers

Section 35h First aid material in motor vehicles

(3) In vehicles other than those mentioned in paragraph 1 with a maximum speed of more than 6 km / h, as determined by the design, with the exception of wheelchairs, motorcycles, tractors or work machines in agricultural or forestry operations and other tractors or work machines, if they are uniaxial, first aid material must be carried with you, the type, quantity and condition of which at least corresponds to the standard sheet DIN 13 164, January 1998 edition or January 2014 edition. The first aid material must be kept packaged in a container that must be made in such a way that it adequately protects the contents from dust and moisture as well as from fuels and lubricants.

(4) Notwithstanding paragraphs 1 and 3, other first aid material may also be carried if it is of the same type, quantity and quality and fulfills at least the same purpose for providing first aid.

Section 41 Brakes and wheel chocks

(5) In the case of motor vehicles - with the exception of motorcycles - the operating device of one of the two brake systems must be lockable; In the case of elevators and vehicles that have the structural characteristics of elevators but whose speed exceeds 30 km / h, the service brake may be lockable instead of the other brake. The applied brake must be able to prevent the vehicle from rolling on the greatest incline that it can drive on exclusively by mechanical means and without the aid of the braking effect of the motor. With the parking brake there must be an average deceleration of at least 1.5 m / s2 can be achieved.

(13) The following provisions on brakes are exempted from: (...)
4. Motorized wheelchairs.
However, the vehicles must have a sufficient brake that can be easily operated and locked while driving. (...)

Section 42 trailer load behind motor vehicles and curb weight

(1) (...). The trailer load for motor vehicles according to Section 30a Paragraph 3 and for motorized wheelchairs may not exceed 50 percent of the empty weight of the vehicle.

Section 50 headlights for high and low beam

(2) (...). One headlight is sufficient on multi-lane motor vehicles whose width does not exceed 1000 mm, as well as on wheelchairs and on vehicles that have the structural characteristics of wheelchairs but whose speed exceeds 30 km / h. In the case of motor vehicles with a maximum speed of no more than 8 km / h, determined by the design, lights without headlights are sufficient. (...)

Section 51a Lateral identification

(1) (...). Patient elevators must be equipped with at least one yellow reflector on each of the long sides, which must not be higher than 600 mm but as deep as possible. These reflectors may also be attached to the spokes of the wheels.

(5) Ring-shaped connected retroreflective white stripes on the tires of motorcycles and wheelchairs are permitted.

Section 52a reversing lights

(6) Reversing lights are not required on: (...)
5. Elevators.

Section 53 Tail lights, brake lights, reflectors

(2) (...). Brake lights are not required on: (...)
2. Elevators, (...).

Section 54 direction indicators

(5) Direction indicators are not required on: (...)
3. open elevators, (...).

Section 66a Lighting equipment

(1) During twilight, in the dark or when the visibility conditions otherwise require it, the vehicles must
1. at least one lamp with white light to the front,
2. to the rear at least one lamp with a red light at a height of no more than 1500 mm above the roadway
to lead; These lights must be firmly attached to patient elevators at all times. (...)