What is coma in Turkish music

The 'Classical Turkish Music' is based on the divan poetry, whose motifs include love, rose, nightingale, wine and separation. The Seraglio and its surroundings were avid supporters of Turkish Classical Music; It would be wrong to call this type of music "seraglio music", as it has its origins in Islamic mysticism (Turkish Tasavvuf) and religious chants. At the beginning of the 18th century, during the 'Tulip Era' (Lale devri from 1718-1730), Turkish Classical Music experienced one of its most interesting phases. In the second half of the 18th century there is one of the greatest names in Turkish Classical Music, "Hamamizade lsmail Dede Efendi", who created some of the most beautiful examples of 'Classical Turkish Music'.
Instead of the minor and major scales of Western music, Turkish Classical Music has four- and five-note chains. By combining these fixed tone chains, the scales or modes are created, which are called "Makam" in Turkish, and the number of which can be in the thousands; however, around 450 scales are in use today. Another special feature of Classical Turkish Music is the division of the tone steps.
A whole tone is not divided into two semitones in Turkish music, as is the case in Western music; rather, it consists of 9 subdivisions, which are called "coma" in Turkish.
Of these 9 subdivisions, the 1st, 4th, 5th and 8th ninths are mainly used; the remaining ninths are not common. Classical Turkish music is differentiated on the one hand according to vocal and instrumental genres, on the other hand different forms of performance play a major role. The vocal genres mainly include songs and religious chants. Instrumental music consists of introductory (Pesrev) and closing pieces (Saz Semaisi), as well as instrumental melodies accompanying the dance and improvisations called "Taksim", which are indispensable for introductions and transitions into the respective pitch.
The influence of Turkish Classical Music on European music can also be found in Mozart's "Turkish March" and in the melodies of the last parts of Beethoven's 9th Symphony. Classical Turkish music has not lost its popularity even today. Especially in recent times one can observe a growing interest, and especially young people are learning to appreciate and love the old masters again.
Ilahi music forms a certain category within classical Turkish music and means something like "divine" music.
This music is called “divine” because the Almighty and Merciful is both the source of inspiration and the direction of the composers and performers. Ilahis are a mixture of prayer, praise and meditation and are intended to express and intensify religious feelings.
It was mystics like Mevlânâ Celâlettin Rumi, Hacï Bektaw Veli and Yunus Emre who, through their creative example, intertwined music and mysticism into an inseparable unit as early as the 13th century. Her poetry and teachings have been, and still are today, an inexhaustible source of inspiration for composers from many centuries.
Ilahis were increasingly cultivated in the Ottoman Empire, and especially the followers of the various dervish orders made an outstanding contribution to the development of classical Turkish music in general and the Ilahis in particular.
The main motive of the Ilahis is, how could it be otherwise, love; love for God, love for the prophets and love for the friends of God who have set out to seek God. They seek God not only in heaven but also on earth; they seek God in their own heart and at the same time in the diversity of creation.
For in the Koran it is written: "And the west and the east of God, and wherever you turn, there is God's face." (Bakara, verse 115)
Ilahis were increasingly cultivated in the Ottoman Empire, and especially the followers of the various dervish orders made an outstanding contribution to the development of classical Turkish music in general and the Ilahis in particular.
You can find more information at www.wikipedia.de

Classic Turkish music

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