What diseases cause nausea dizziness and confusion

Hypothermia

What is hypothermia?

Hypothermia refers to a core body temperature that is below 35 ° C. This can be life threatening and should be viewed as an emergency.

Typical symptoms are tremors, confusion, changes in breathing rate and pulse, blue lips, fingers, and toes. If treated promptly, most people recover from hypothermia well. Complications can be coma and brain damage or even death.

Risks

Hypothermia becomes common triggered by cold temperatures, if the body temperature drops faster than it can be compensated for by the heat produced by the body (for example, staying too long in the cold without appropriate clothing, falling into water, etc.).

Some people are at greater risk of developing hypothermia, including:

  • elderly or very young people,

  • People with mental health problems, under the influence of alcohol or drugs, or with certain diseases (such as hypothyroidism, anorexia nervosa, etc.).

Symptoms

The different stages of hypothermia cause different symptoms.

A slight hypothermia leads to:

  • Tremble,
  • Dizziness,
  • Nausea,
  • faster breathing,
  • Palpitations and
  • Fatigue.

If you are unsure whether these symptoms apply to you, start a symptom analysis.

People with a moderate to severe hypothermia:

  • become clumsy and confused
  • they develop language difficulties,
  • slow breathing
  • Drowsiness and
  • a fast or irregular pulse.

Affected people are often not aware of the severity of their illness.

diagnosis

The diagnosis is made by a doctor who will evaluate symptoms, examine the patient, and take core body temperature.

treatment

First aid measures are very important in case of hypothermia. People with hypothermia should be brought out of the cold and wrapped in blankets.

If the person is wet, the wet clothing must be removed. If the person is able to drink, they should have warm beverages. Heating pads and emitters can also come in handy.

People who have weak pulse, slow breathing and are passed out may need resuscitation. Further emergency measures include (in order of urgency): warm air, giving warm liquids via a drip and drawing blood to warm the blood.

forecast

A severe hypothermia can be life threatening and cause coma or brain damage, or even death. With timely and adequate treatment, it is possible to recover well from hypothermia. Mild to moderate episodes of hypothermia usually have no lasting consequences.

prevention

The best way to avoid hypothermia is to stay in warm places in cold weather and not too long in the cold. In addition, alcohol should not be consumed in cold environments.