Why do royal palms die easily
How are they classified and what types of palm are there?
Palms are plants that make gardens and terraces beautiful in a spectacular way. Of the more than 3000 species that are distributed around the world, particularly in tropical and temperate regions, many - if not many - have very high ornamental value.
Hence if you want to know more about them, if you would like to discover What types of palms are there?, You cannot miss this special item. 😉
The palms can be classified in two different ways: according to the trunks and according to the shape of the leaves. Let's start with the first.
Classification according to the number of protocols
Single palm trees
Single palm trees are those who have a single tribe. They are the most common of them all as they take up much less space than those with multiple stems for obvious reasons. But they have one problem: if the growth guide is damaged, most of the time the specimen will die.
Some of the most interesting types are:
El Coconut Tree It is a palm tree found on the tropical sandy beaches of the Caribbean, Indian Ocean and Pacific. It reaches an approximate height of 20 meters with a crown of pinnate leaves up to 3 meters long. The fruit, the coconut, is the largest seed in existence and can weigh up to 2 kg. It does not withstand cold or frost.
La Royal Cuban Palm It is a species native to south Florida, Belize, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Honduras, and some regions of Mexico and the Cayman Islands. It reaches a maximum height of 40 meters, but usually does not exceed 25 meters. The leaves are pinnate, with numerous leaflets and split in two at the tip. The trunk is ring-shaped, smooth and has a diameter of up to 60 cm. It can withstand down to -2ºC as long as it is an adult and acclimatized specimen (Young seedlings cannot endure frost).
El feathered coconut, also known as the pindó or pindó palm, comes from southern Brazil, Paraguay, the Argentine coast, Bolivia and Uruguay and reaches a height of around 25 meters. Its trunk is smooth, ring-shaped and has a base diameter of up to 60 cm. The leaves are pinnate, the lanceolate leaflets are inserted into the rachis in various rows and groups, which gives it its feather-light appearance. It withstands frosts down to -8ºC without any problems.
Multi-tube palm trees
The multicaule palms are those that have multiple tribes. They are very decorative, but in order to see them in all their glory, it is necessary to have a specific place in the garden. 🙂 Some of the most interesting are:
Known as palmito or margallón, is a palm tree native to the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands that reaches a height of around 4 meters. The leaves are fan-shaped and can be green or bluish-green, depending on the variety. Resistant to -10ºC.
La red palm It is a plant native to Sumatra that has the stem and rachis of this color. It reaches a height of up to 12 meters, with pinnate leaves 2 meters in length. The downside is that the temperature and humidity must be high in order to grow outside all year round It does not support either the cold or the dry environment.
This is a species of multicaule palm native to Asia, particularly from southern Arabia, Iran, and Pakistan, reaching a height of around 2-3 m. The leaves are fan-shaped, green or bluish, depending on the variety. Resistant to cold and frost down to -15 ° C..
Classification by blade type
There are several types of palm leaves:
The auricles or leaflets of these palms sprout from the rachis. This makes it look more or less light as a feather. Examples:
It is an endemic palm from Queensland, Australia that reaches a height of 25 meters. The leaves are pinnate, green and up to 4 meters long. It's the largest of the genre, and one of the coolest; I can still tell you that Support without damage down to -2ºC.
The capitata palm is an endemic plant from central eastern Brazil that reaches a height of about 5 meters. The crown consists of pinnate and arched leaves with a length of up to 170 cm. Resistant to -7ºC.
La Datum It is a palm tree native to Southwest Asia that reaches a height of up to 30 meters and has bluish-green pinnate leaves that measure around 2 meters. Produces edible dates and withstands cold down to -10ºC.
The leaflets are not single, but double-pinnate, but they also branch into numerous pinnate ones. The most representative type is:
- Caryota Mitis
It is a palm tree native to India, Laos, and Thailand that reaches a height of up to 40 meters, with bi-pinnate leaves that can measure up to 4 meters. It has a slow growth rate and does not support frost.
This type of blade is known as a fan-shaped blade because this is what the blade looks like. Examples are:
Known as the carnaúba, caranúba palm, or carnauberia, it is a plant native to northeastern Brazil that reaches a height of up to 15 meters. The leaves are fan-shaped and 1.5 m wide. Does not withstand frost.
Known as the Mexican fan palm, is a palm that is native to the south of the Baja California peninsula (Mexico) and reaches a height of up to 35 meters. The leaves are fan-shaped, green. Resistant to -7ºC.
The leaves are inserted in the form of a rib. Some examples are:
It is a species native to Jamaica and Cuba that reaches a height of up to 15 meters. The costapalmate leaves, each with 70-110 leaflets, can measure between 2 and 3 meters. Despite its origins it resists frost well down to -4ºC.
It is a palm tree native to Asia that reaches a height of up to 40 meters. The crown consists of spiky, green, fan-shaped leaves. Resistant to -5ºC.
And we're done with that. I hope all of this information has helped you and you can better identify the palm species in the world 🙂.
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