What are the rabi season harvests

Difference Between Kharif and Rabi

Kharif and Rabi are the two harvesting patterns that are used in many Asian countries depending on the monsoons. The Harvest season of Kharif harvests begins with the onset of the monsoons and ends after the rainy season. On the other hand, rabi plants are grown in winter, that is, they are sown after the monsoons have ended and harvested before the summer season begins.

Kharif cultures require hot and humid climates, while cold and dry climates are best suited for Rabi cultures. Precipitation plays an important role in the harvest of the two crops, in the sense that rain is good for the kharif harvest, while it can affect the harvest of the rabi harvest.

In general, few people are familiar with the two farming patterns. However, it is important for everyone to know the difference between Kharif and Rabi cultures, as the prices of cereals and vegetables are highly dependent on the yield of these two.

Comparison table

Basis of comparisonKharif harvestsRabi harvests
importanceKharif cultures can be called cultures that are sown at the beginning of the rainy season.Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the monsoons have ended, that is, during the winter season.
Main cropsRice, corn, cotton, peanuts, crumbs, bajra, etc.Wheat, peas, grams, oilseeds, barley, etc.
RequirementIt takes a lot of water and hot weather to grow.It takes a warm climate for seeds to germinate and a cold climate to grow
blossomRequires a shorter day lengthRequires longer day length
Sowing monthJune JulyOctober November
Harvest monthSeptember OctoberMarch April

Definition of Kharif cultures

Kharif cultures, popularly known as monsoon cultures, are the crops that are grown in Asia in the rainy season, ie from June to September. These crops are planted with the onset of the first rainfall due to the southwest monsoons. The timing and amount of rainwater are the two important factors that determine the production of kharif plants. The main crops are rice, corn, jowar, bajra, cotton, peanut, sugar cane, turmeric, legumes, etc.

In India, the sowing dates can vary depending on the range of the monsoons in each state, which means that in southern states like Kerala, Tamil Nadu, etc., the harvest is usually sown towards the end of May after which it advances northwards to India. Therefore, the kharif crops are usually sown in the northern states in late June.

Definition of Rabi crops

The term "Rabi" is an Arabic word and means spring. Rabi crops are the crops that are planted at the beginning of the winter season and harvested in spring in the South Asian countries i.e. India, Bangladesh, Pakistan etc. These are sown in the country at the end of the monsoons, usually in late October or early November.

Since the cultivation of Rabi cultures takes place in the dry season, timely irrigation is necessary for vegetation. The main crops of Rabi are wheat, peas, oats, barley, onions, potatoes, tomatoes and many seeds such as mustard, sunflower, rapeseed, flaxseed, caraway, coriander etc.

Main differences between Kharif and Rabi

The difference between Kharif and Rabi cultures can be clearly identified for the following reasons:

  1. Kharif crops are the crops that were sown in the South Asian countries at the beginning of the rainy season. On the other extreme, the harvests of Rabi imply the crops that are grown after the rainy season and the winter season begins.
  2. Kharif plants need plenty of water and hot weather to grow, whereas Rabi plants need warm weather for seeds and cold climates to grow.
  3. At the time of growth, kharif plants require warm, humid weather and a shorter length of day for flowering. On the contrary, growing rabi plants requires cold and dry weather and a longer flowering period.
  4. The months of sowing the Kharif cultures are June and July. Conversely, rabi plants are usually sown in October and November.
  5. Kharif crops are harvested in September and October. In contrast, the best harvest time for Rabi is March and April.


The cultures of Kharif and Rabi are mainly used to indicate the right time to sow and grow a particular crop. Apart from these two, there is one other crop that is grown as a Zaid crop in the summer season, that is, from March to June. These are bred for a short time between Rabi and Kharif. It includes watermelon, muskmelon, bitter cucumber, cucumber, etc.