What is the opposite of self-directed learning
In the literature, the terms externally controlled self-directed self-directed self-taught learning are used differently.
Here is my own attempt to clarify the terms.
External controlled learning
In the case of outside learning, you hand over the main responsibility for learning something to a teacher.
The teacher is active, explains, shows, sets tasks, supports finding solutions, corrects, gives feedback, wakes up. The most important task of the teacher in externally responsible learning is to drive us on and to conquer our inner weaker self.
- We pay the teacher so that he can relieve us of self-control and responsibility.
We ourselves have no responsibility. We sit back and expect to be taught what we need to know. If that doesn't work out, the teacher has done a bad job.
Self-directed learning is learning "on a long leash": Your own learning activities are planned and carried out independently, but you can rely on the benevolent eye of the teacher on us.
As with externally controlled learning, the teacher is still active, explains, shows, sets tasks, supports finding solutions, corrects, gives feedback.
- The responsibility for the teaching-learning arrangement remains with the teacher.
How we carry out these learning structures in detail is up to us.
With self-responsible learning, you take on more responsibility for your own learning - even with a teacher.
Because the drive and responsibility for our learning comes from ourselves, the teacher no longer has to be a domteur for our inner weaker self. On the contrary: A good teacher lets us do as much as possible ourselves, try it out ourselves, develop it ourselves. As a learning advisor and coach, he supports us in achieving our own (!) Learning goals.
- The teacher "teaches" by merely supporting our learning, not driving it.
The order of the day here is "Minimal help", "Help for self-help" or "Help me do it myself".
Under autodidactic learning one can understand self-responsible learning, in which one actually takes over all the functions of the teacher that one can sensibly take over.
That does not mean that you learn alone, on the contrary: Many learning objectives require communication with other learners. You need a discussion or sparring partner, a content expert, a learning advisor or coach.
- The teacher "teaches" by slipping into these roles for a while - at our request and our assignment.
In all of this, you retain overall responsibility for your own learning: the learner is his own general contractor when it comes to learning, he is his own teacher.
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