The pursuit of gender and race equality is arbitrary

 

General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of December 10, 1948
General Declaration of Human Rights

 

PREAMBLE

There the recognition of the innate dignity and equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human community forms the basis of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

there The disregard and contempt of human rights have led to acts of barbarism which fill the conscience of mankind with indignation, and it has been proclaimed that the highest is the highest in a world in which people enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and need Striving of man applies,

there it is necessary to protect human rights through the rule of law so that man is not forced to resort to revolt against tyranny and oppression as a last resort,

there it is necessary to encourage the development of friendly relations among nations,

there In the Charter, the peoples of the United Nations reaffirmed their belief in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in equality between men and women, and decided to promote social progress and better living conditions with greater freedom,

there the member states have undertaken, in cooperation with the United Nations, to work towards general respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,

there a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the utmost importance for the full fulfillment of this obligation,

announces the General Assembly

this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as the common ideal to be achieved by all peoples and nations, so that each individual and all organs of society keep this declaration always present and endeavor to promote respect for these rights and freedoms through teaching and education progressive national and international measures to ensure their general and actual recognition and compliance by the population of the Member States themselves as well as by the population of the areas under their jurisdiction.

article 1

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should meet one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2

Everyone has the right to all rights and freedoms proclaimed in this declaration, regardless of their race, skin color, gender, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, assets, birth or other status.

Furthermore, no distinction may be made on the basis of the political, legal or international position of the country or area to which a person belongs, regardless of whether this is independent, is under trusteeship, has no self-government or is otherwise restricted in its sovereignty.

Article 3

Everyone has the right to life, freedom and personal security.

Article 4

Nobody should be held in slavery or serfdom; Slavery and the slave trade in all its forms are prohibited.

Article 5

Nobody should be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6

Everyone has the right to be recognized as having legal capacity everywhere.

Article 7

All people are equal before the law and are entitled to equal protection by the law without distinction. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in breach of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy in the competent domestic courts against acts which violate their constitutional or legal fundamental rights.

Article 9

No one may be arbitrarily arrested, detained, or expelled from the country.

Article 10

Everyone has the full and equal right to fair and public trial in an independent and impartial court in establishing their rights and obligations and in the event of a criminal charge brought against them.

Article 11

1. Anyone charged with a criminal offense has the right to be presumed innocent, as long as his guilt has not been proven in accordance with the law in a public trial in which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defense.

2. No one may be convicted of any act or omission which, at the time it was committed, was not punishable under national or international law. Likewise, no more severe punishment may be imposed than the punishment threatened at the time the criminal offense was committed.

Article 12

Nobody should be exposed to arbitrary interference with their private life, family, home or correspondence, or damage to their honor or reputation. Everyone has the right to legal protection against such interference or interference.

Article 13

1. Everyone has the right to move freely within a state and to freely choose his place of residence.

2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 14

1. Everyone has the right to seek and enjoy asylum from persecution in other countries.

2. This right cannot be exercised in the case of criminal prosecution which actually takes place on the basis of crimes of a non-political nature or on the basis of acts which violate the aims and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15

1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.

2. No one may be arbitrarily withdrawn from their nationality, nor denied their right to change their nationality.

Article 16

1. Men and women of full age have the right to marry and to raise a family without any restriction on the basis of race, nationality or religion. They have equal rights at marriage, during marriage and when it is dissolved.

2. A marriage may only be concluded if the future spouses freely and unrestrictedly agree.

3. The family is the natural basic unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the state.

Article 17

1. Everyone has the right to own property alone and in association with others.

2. Nobody may be indiscriminately deprived of their property.

Article 18

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; This right includes the freedom to change one's religion or worldview, as well as the freedom to profess one's religion or worldview alone or in community with others, publicly or privately, through teaching, practice, worship and cult activities.

Article 19

Everyone has the right to freedom of expression and expression; This right includes the freedom to hold opinions unhindered and to seek, receive and disseminate information and ideas via any media and regardless of borders.

Article 20

1. All people have the right to peacefully assemble and form associations.

2. Nobody may be forced to belong to an association.

Article 21

1. Everyone has the right to participate in the shaping of the public affairs of his country directly or through freely chosen representatives.

2. Everyone has the right to equal access to public office in their own country.

3. The will of the people forms the basis for the authority of public power; This will must be expressed through regular, unadulterated, general and equal elections with secret voting or an equivalent free electoral process.

Article 22

Everyone as a member of society has the right to social security and the right to enjoy the economic, social and cultural rights necessary for his or her dignity through domestic action and international cooperation, taking into account the organization and means of each state free development of his personality are indispensable.

Article 23

1. Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of occupation, to just and satisfactory working conditions and to protection from unemployment.

2. Everyone, without distinction, has the right to equal pay for equal work.

3. Everyone who works has the right to fair and satisfactory remuneration, which ensures him and his family an existence commensurate with human dignity, if necessary supplemented by other social protection measures.

4. Everyone has the right to form and join trade unions to protect his interests.

Article 24

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure and, in particular, to reasonable limits on working hours and regular paid vacation.

Article 25

1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living that ensures his and his family's health and well-being, including food, clothing, housing, medical care and necessary social benefits, as well as the right to security in the event of unemployment, illness, invalidity or widowhood, in old age as well as in the event of any other loss of his means of subsistence due to circumstances beyond his control.

2. Mothers and children are entitled to special care and support. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26

1. Everyone has the right to education. Education is free of charge, at least primary and basic education. Primary education is compulsory. Technical and vocational education must be made widely available, and higher education must be equally open to all according to their abilities.

2. Education must be aimed at the full development of the human personality and at strengthening respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It must contribute to understanding, tolerance and friendship between all nations and all racial or religious groups and be conducive to the work of the United Nations in maintaining peace.

3. Parents have a primary right to choose the type of education to be given to their children.

Article 27

1. Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts, and to share in scientific advances and achievements.

2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the intellectual and material interests which accrue to him as the author of works of science, literature or art.

Article 28

Everyone has the right to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms proclaimed in this declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29

1. Everyone has duties towards the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.

2. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone is subject only to those restrictions which the law provides solely for the purpose of ensuring recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and the just requirements of morality, public order and the general good suffice in a democratic society.

3. In no event may these rights and freedoms be exercised in contradiction to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 30

Nothing in this declaration may be interpreted as conferring any right for any state, group or person to engage in any activity or to commit any act which aims to eliminate the rights and freedoms set forth in this declaration.