What is Antonomy 2


The events are planned for the first six weeks of the second semester (around mid-April to early June).

learning goals

  • Knowledge of the structure and development of the internal organs of the situs and retrositus on a macroscopic, topographical-anatomical, microscopic and ultrastructural level
  • Understanding of the structure as the basis of organ function
  • Determination of the particular relevance of the anatomy of the internal organs for the tasks of clinicians

Topic overview

The lecture is offered a little in advance of the course. In the lecture, developmental, macroscopic and microscopic aspects of the anatomy of the internal organs are dealt with in a coherent manner. Part of the lecture is based on the topographical preparation progress of the course and prepares the students for the practical exercises.

Relationship of the chest and abdomen situs

  • Pleura, pericardium, peritoneum and mesenteric relationships with ontogenetic considerations

Respiratory system

  • Macroscopic structure and histology of the lungs, bronchi and trachea

Cardiovascular system

  • Macroscopic and microscopic structure of the heart, topography, stimulation generation and conduction system, innervation, sensors, functional morphology of the atria, ventricles, aorta, coronary vessels and peripheral vessels

Digestive system

  • Macroscopic and microscopic structure and ontogenesis of the digestive tract including the abdominal glands

Hemolymphatic system (situs and retrositus)

Male and female genitourinary systems

  • Urinary and reproductive organs, pelvic floor

Endocrine organs (situs and retrositus)