What does Boris Johnson stand for?
Boris Johnson becomes the new British Prime Minister
The winner in the race to succeed Theresa May has been determined. Boris Johnson becomes party leader of the Conservatives and thus the new Prime Minister of Great Britain.
After counting all the votes of the party base, it is definitive: Boris Johnson will take over the office of Prime Minister on Wednesday. The result was announced today at noon.
Polls had predicted Johnson more than 70 percent of the votes of Tory party members. He prevailed in the intra-party election with 92,153 votes against his rival Jeremy Hunt, who received 46,656 votes. The incumbent foreign minister was given little chance.
Johnson is head of the Conservative Party and is due to be appointed Prime Minister by Queen Elizabeth II on Wednesday. It is eagerly awaited who the controversial politician will bring into the cabinet. The approximately 160,000 party members had several weeks to decide between Johnson and Hunt.
In a first short speech, Johnson described his election as the new Prime Minister as a "decisive moment" in history. This is an “extraordinary honor and privilege”. At the same time, he admitted that his election as head of the Tory and government was not welcomed everywhere.
Johnson is a staunch Brexit supporter and wants to renegotiate his predecessor Theresa May's agreement with the EU. If this does not succeed, he wants to leave the EU without a contract at the end of October in an emergency.
Jeremy Hunt had indicated that he might consider further postponement after all. Johnson, on the other hand, had categorically ruled out that.
The renegotiations planned by Johnson are mainly about the backstop in Ireland, which both want to wipe out of the contract. This is to ensure that there will be no border controls between the British Northern Ireland and the EU member Ireland in the future either.
Why is Britain getting a new Prime Minister?
On June 7, 2019, Theresa May resigned as chairwoman of the Conservative Party and thus also as Prime Minister, as announced at the end of May. Temporarily she is still in office. Before that, she had failed three times in parliament with her Brexit agreement negotiated with the EU.
She had already lost her slim majority in parliament in the general election in June 2017, whereupon she was dependent on the support of the Northern Irish Unionists from now on. The calls for her resignation became louder and louder when it became clear that the blockade in the Brexit process could not be resolved with her. In a strike vote, the roughly 160,000 party members were able to determine their successors.
Who is Boris Johnson?
Boris Johnson had studied classical languages at the elite university in Oxford. After that, he first worked as a journalist. He was the EU correspondent in Brussels for the “Daily Telegraph” - where he was known for his reports critical of the EU and for which he wrote a weekly column until recently. Then he was editor-in-chief of the weekly magazine "Spectator". From 2008 to 2016 he served as Mayor of London. There he showed his special talent for putting himself in the limelight in a way that is suitable for the media.
After David Cameron's resignation, he became foreign minister in Theresa May's cabinet. He resigned from this office because he did not want to stand behind the Prime Minister's Brexit plans. Some Tory members probably voted for him as the new party leader because they hope he will use his charm to wrap EU politicians around his finger. Others are counting on him being able to convince the House of Commons to agree to an improved deal with Brussels after all.
Will there be a hard Brexit?
The Brexit date originally planned for March 2019 has already been postponed twice because the British Parliament has rejected the exit agreement negotiated with the EU several times, sometimes with a large majority. The deadline has now been extended to October 31. Boris Johnson assured him before his election that Great Britain would leave the EU on October 31, 2019 - with or without an agreement.
He himself says that a no-deal Brexit is very unlikely. His promise in this regard was important, however, because he wanted to secure his election as party leader by the party members. However, he will hardly be able to refrain from making a statement about a no-deal Brexit without accepting a major loss of credibility. The House of Commons, for its part, last week approved an amendment to the Northern Ireland Act with a clear majority, which will make it difficult for Johnson to push through a contractless Brexit against the will of Parliament.
Does Boris Johnson have a clear concept?
Boris Johnson criticized Theresa May's exit agreement with the EU and then, depending on the power calculation, rejected it once, then voted for it once and then rejected it again. He did not reveal a clear concept.
It is uncertain whether he, as head of government, can secure the backing of parliament for his Brexit policy or whether there will be new elections by October after the government has been overthrown by a vote of no confidence. Because the majority in the House of Commons did not change when he took office - and these still speak against an exit from the EU without a treaty.
What does the opposition stand for?
Labor opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn is calling for a renegotiated treaty or no-deal Brexit to be presented to the people. He also said that Labor would fight to remain in the EU in such a referendum. However, it is unclear what Corbyn would stand for if he won any new elections. Officially, he is aiming for a soft Brexit (with membership in the customs union and internal market of the EU). A majority of his party and its voters do not want a Brexit at all.
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