What does the Old Testament talk about

Old testament

An overview of the Old Testament books

Law books

The books of the law include the five books of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy) and are therefore also called the "Pentateuch", i.e. the "Book of Five Roles". They tell the story of the people of Israel from their first beginnings to their liberation from slavery in Egypt. In Judaism these books are called "Torah" (instruction).

History books

The history books tell the story of Israel from its entry into the promised land to its banishment and return from Babylonian exile. This group includes the books Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1st and 2nd Samuel, 1st and 2nd Kings, 1st and 2nd Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther.

Textbooks and poetic books

The textbooks contain wisdom teachings that were passed on in memorable proverbs or in poetic language. These include the books of Job, Proverbs, and Preachers. The poetic books are the Psalter (a collection of prayers and songs) and the Song of Songs (love and wedding songs).

Books of prophets

The prophets of Israel interpreted the events of the past, denounced the injustice in the present and proclaimed God's actions for the future. According to the size of the prophets' books, one differentiates between the "great prophets Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel (also called Ezekiel) from the" twelve little prophets "Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadja, Jonah, Micha, Nahum, Habakuk, Zefaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi. The Lamentations of Jeremiah and the book of Daniel were added later.