All daemme should be checked regularly

Recommendation 183

Recommendation on occupational health and safety in mines

The General Conference of the International Labor Organization,

which was convened by the Administrative Council of the International Labor Office in Geneva and met on June 6, 1995 for its eighty-second session,

Recalls the relevant international labor conventions and recommendations, in particular the Abolition of Forced Labor Convention, 1957; the Radiation Protection Convention and Recommendation, 1960; the Protection of Machinery Convention and Recommendation, 1963;

the Occupational Injury Benefit Convention and Recommendation, 1964; the Minimum Age (Underground Work) Convention and Recommendation, 1965; the Medical Examination of Young People (Underground Work) Convention, 1965; the Working Environment (Air Pollution, Noise and Vibration) Convention and Recommendation, 1977; the Occupational Safety and Health Convention and Recommendation, 1981; Occupational Health Services Convention and Recommendation, 1985; the Asbestos Convention and Recommendation, 1986; the Occupational Safety and Health in Building Convention and Recommendation, 1988;

the Chemicals Convention and Recommendation, 1990 and the Major Industrial Accidents Convention and Recommendation, 1993,

Considers that workers have the need and the right to be informed, trained and actually heard about health and safety measures in connection with the dangers and risks to which they are exposed in the mining industry, and to be involved in their formulation and implementation,

Acknowledges that it is desirable to prevent death, injury and impairment to health among workers or parts of the population, or environmental damage as a result of mining activities,

Draws attention to the need for cooperation between the International Labor Organization, the World Health Organization, the International Atomic Energy Agency and other relevant institutions and draws attention to the relevant conventions, codes of practice, rules and guidelines published by these organizations,

has decided to adopt various motions relating to occupational health and safety in mines, which is the fourth item on its agenda, and

stipulates that these applications should take the form of a recommendation supplementing the Convention on Occupational Safety and Health in Mines.

The Conference adopted today, June 22, 1995, the following Recommendation, which may be cited as the Safety and Health in Mines Recommendation, 1995.

I. General provisions

1. The provisions of this Recommendation are complementary to, and should be used in conjunction with, the Mines Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1995 (hereinafter "the Convention").

2. This recommendation applies to all mines.

3. (1) Each member should establish, implement and regularly review a self-contained policy in the field of occupational health and safety in mines, taking into account national circumstances and customs and after consulting the relevant relevant employers 'and workers' associations.

(2) The consultations provided for in Article 3 of the Convention should include consultations with the relevant employers 'and workers' organizations on the effects of the length of working hours, night work and shift work on the safety and health of workers. After such deliberations, the member should take the necessary measures with regard to working hours and in particular with regard to the maximum daily working hours and minimum daily rest periods.

4. The competent authority should complain of properly qualified and trained personnel with appropriate skills and sufficient technical and professional assistance to be able to examine, investigate and assess and provide advice on matters covered by the Convention and ensure compliance with national law.

5. Measures should be taken to encourage and promote:

6. The requirements related to the supervision of occupational health and safety in mines in accordance with Article 5 (2) of the Convention should, where appropriate, extend to:

7. The requirements of Article 5 (4) of the Convention could provide that suppliers of equipment, devices, hazardous products and substances to the mine should be required to ensure that they comply with national health and safety standards, and to clearly label the products Provide understandable information and instructions.

8. The requirements for mine rescue and first aid under Article 5 (4) (a) of the Convention and for appropriate medical facilities for emergency care could include:

9. The requirements of Article 5 (4) (b) of the Convention could include the specifications and terms of the type of filter self-rescuer to be provided and, particularly in mines where gas outbreaks can easily occur and, where appropriate, in other mines, the provision of self-supporting breathing apparatus.

10. National legislation should prescribe measures for the safe use and maintenance of remote controlled equipment.

11. National law should provide that the employer should take appropriate measures to protect workers working alone or in isolation.

II. Preventive and protective measures in the mine

12. Employers should carry out a hazard assessment and risk analysis and then, if necessary, develop and implement systems to control the risk.

13. In order to maintain the stability of the mountains in accordance with Article 7 (c) of the Convention, the employer should take all appropriate measures to:

a) to monitor and control movements of the rock layers;

b) if necessary, to effectively support the hanging wall, the joints and the horizontal of the mine workings, with the exception of those areas where the selected extraction methods allow the rock to collapse in a controlled manner;

c) to monitor and control the slopes of opencast mines in order to prevent material from falling or sliding into the pit and thereby endangering workers; and

d) to ensure that dams, sedimentation basins, tailings heaps and similar facilities are designed, constructed and controlled appropriately in order to prevent hazards due to slipping material or a break.

14. The separate outlets referred to in Article 7 (d) of the Convention should be as independent as possible from one another; Precautions should be taken and equipment provided for the safe evacuation of workers in the event of danger.

15. Pursuant to Article 7 (f) of the Convention, all mine workings to which workers have access and, if necessary, other areas should be appropriately ventilated to maintain an atmosphere:

16. The specific hazards referred to in Article 7 (g) of the Convention which require a work plan and procedure could include:

17. Measures employers may take under Article 7 (h) of the Convention should include, where appropriate, prohibiting any person from taking any property, object or substance underground that may cause a fire, explosion or dangerous incident could.

18. In accordance with Article 7 (i) of the Convention, mine facilities should, where appropriate, include adequate fireproof and independent chambers capable of providing protection to workers in an emergency. The independent chambers should be easily identifiable and accessible, especially when visibility is poor.

19. The contingency plan referred to in Article 8 of the Convention could include:

20. The dangers mentioned in Article 9 of the Convention could include:

21. The measures under Article 9 of the Convention could include:

22. The types of protective equipment and facilities referred to in Article 9 (c) of the Convention could include:

23. In implementing Article 10 (b) of the Convention, employers should:

24. Where appropriate, the health surveillance referred to in Article 11 of the Convention should

and without incurring any costs to the worker and without subjecting him to any form of discrimination or retaliation.

25. Pursuant to Article 5 (4) (e) of the Convention, employers should, if necessary, provide and maintain at no cost to workers:

26. Pursuant to Article 13 of the Convention, workers and their health and safety representatives should receive, or, where appropriate, have access to information that should include:

27. The arrangements to be made under Article 13 (1) (e) of the Convention could include requirements relating to:

28. Pursuant to Article 13 (2) of the Convention, the rights of health and safety representatives should, where appropriate, include the right:

29. Health and safety representatives should, where appropriate, give the employer timely notice of their intention to monitor or investigate health and safety issues, as provided for in Article 13 (2) (b) (ii) of the Convention.

30. (1) All persons should be obliged to

(2) Employers should be required to provide workers with appropriate training and instructions to enable them to perform the obligations set out in sub-paragraph (l).

IV. Cooperation

31. The measures to support cooperation provided for in Article 15 of the Convention should include:

(a) the creation of cooperation bodies, such as health and safety committees, on which employers and workers are equally represented and which have prescribed powers and functions, including the power to carry out joint inspections;

b) the appointment of suitably qualified and experienced persons by the employer to promote health and safety;

c) the training of workers and their health and safety representatives;

d) the provision of ongoing health and safety education programs for workers;

e) the ongoing exchange of information and experience on occupational safety in mines;

f) the consultation of workers and their representatives by employers in determining health and safety policies and procedures; and

g) the involvement of workers' representatives in the investigation of accidents and dangerous incidents by the employer, as provided for in Article 10 (d) of the Convention.

V. Other provisions

32. An employee who exercises rights provided by national law or agreed by employers and workers and their representatives should not be subject to discrimination or retaliation.

33. The potential impact of mining activities on the local area and the safety of the population should be given due consideration. This should include, in particular, the control of subsidence, vibrations, thrown rock, harmful substances in the water, in the air or in the soil, the safe and effective management of tailings and the rehabilitation of mine sites.