What are some examples of natural cosmetics

Cosmetics: ingredients, labeling and undesirable effects

The labeling: guesswork on the small print

If you want more detailed information, you will find the following information on the packaging:

  • Usage like hand cream or hair shampoo
  • Capacity for example 20 ml or 50 g
  • Notes on storage like "store in a cool place after opening"
  • Ingredients "Ingredients": Under this heading, the manufacturer lists the ingredients used by weight in descending order. So first the main components are mentioned, at the end there are substances that are only contained in small quantities. The ingredients are named after the international nomenclature of cosmetic ingredients, INCI for short. Some manufacturers print an additional German translation of the list of ingredients on the label. But be careful: In contrast to the mandatory labeling, this does not have to be complete.
  • Precautions: z. B. "Do not use on irritated skin".
  • Durability: If the shelf life is less than 30 months, you will find the text "Best before" or the symbol of an hourglass. In addition, an expiry date must be given. If the shelf life is more than 30 months, the product is marked with the symbol of an opened cream jar. This indicates how long the product can be kept after opening: 12 M means 12 months.
    Tip: On the label, write the date you first opened the product.
  • Manufacturer: Name and address of the responsible person (abbreviations are possible). For products that were manufactured outside of the EU, the country of origin must also be specified.
  • Batch number (Identification symbol): This is important if you have a complaint about a product or want to report adverse effects.

The labeling of cosmetic products must be indelible, clearly visible and easy to read.

For small items like lipsticks, you will usually not find the list of ingredients on the label. However, it must be attached to the shelf or stand in the shop. Check with the store if the information cannot be found. When buying online, give preference to stores that provide a full list of ingredients.

If you cannot tolerate a cosmetic product

If a cosmetic product causes undesirable effects such as a rash or worse, you should consult a doctor to clarify which component of the product is the cause of your symptoms. Important: keep the suspicious product. It is best to take it with you when you visit a doctor. Consumers can inform the manufacturer, retailer and / or the food control agency informally about adverse effects of a cosmetic product. You can find more information on reporting adverse effects of cosmetic products here.

It is essential that you provide the following information when reporting adverse effects:

  • Your name and contact details for any queries
  • What is the undesirable effect? When did the effect occur?
  • The name of the suspected cosmetic product and the batch number (if recognizable)

Problematic ingredients

A total of more than 30,000 substances can be used in cosmetic products.

The following table contains some examples of cosmetic ingredients that we critically evaluate from the point of view of health or environmental protection: