Which temple is famous in Solapur
Solapur (Marathi सोलापूर IASTSolāpūr; earlier Sholapore) is a metropolis in the western Indian state of Maharashtra.
Official population statistics have only been kept and published since 1991.
Almost 76% of the majority of the Marathi, Kannada and Urdu-speaking population are Hindus, around 20.5% are Muslims and around 1% each belong to the Jain and Christian religious groups; other religions such as Sikhs, Buddhists etc. form numerically small minorities. The male share of the population is around 10,000 people higher than the female.
Crafts, industry, regional trade and the service sector are concentrated in the metropolis. The textile industry and automotive suppliers play the most important roles in the industrial sector, but Solapur is also known in India for the bidi cigarettes produced here. The first Indian waste incineration plant for power generation is just outside the city.
The history of Solapur is only known in broad outline. In the Middle Ages the city belonged successively to the domains of the Hindu Andhrabhratyas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas and Yadavas; From around 1345 to 1490, the Muslim Bahmani Sultanate of Gulbarga or Bidar exercised rulership, which was then divided between the Dekkan sultanates - Solapur belonged to the Sultanate of Bijapur. Under the Great Mughal Aurangzeb, rule over the city was occupied by the Mughal Empire in 1586, which, however, was constantly exposed to new attacks by the Marathas. From 1761 to 1799 the quasi independently acting Mysore generals Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan occupied power, which subsequently passed to the British. In the 1930s, Solapur played an important role in the Indian struggle for independence.
Overall, Solapur is rather poor in terms of historically or culturally significant sights:
- On an island in the Siddheswar Lake stands the temple of the same name, the importance of which extends far beyond the city limits.
- On the shore of the lake are the ruins of what was possibly built in the 14th century Bhuikot forts, in which there is a mosque created by Hindu stonemasons. The extensive area is now home to an amusement park, which also includes a zoo.
- From the beginning of the 20th century this comes from the British in the Indian colonial style with narrow balconies (jharokhas) and corner pavilions (chhatris) built buildings of today's Municipal Corporation.
- Attached to the university is a science museum, which presents a large number of prehistoric artifacts, medieval coins, sculptures and fragments collected in the area on a private initiative.
- Helmut Schneider (* 1919 in Sholapore; † 2011), German-Swiss physicist
- ↑Solapur. Census 2011
- ↑Solapur - map with altitude information
- ↑Solapur - climate tables
- ↑Solapur - City Population 1991–2011
- ↑Solapur. Census 2011
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