How are scuppernongs cultivated
The state on the southern Atlantic coast with the capital Raleigh was settled by English colonists at the beginning of the 17th century and is one of the 13 founding states of the USA. This is where the historic Catawba variety comes from, with which John Adlum (1759-1836) and Nicholas Longworth (1783-1863) wrote American wine history in the first third of the 19th century. The Scuppernong variety, which is also important, comes from here and was officially named the state fruit of North Carolina in 2001, making it a symbol of the state. Around 1680, many Huguenots, expelled from France, settled here and in the neighboring state of South Carolina and brought their knowledge of viticulture with them. Hybrids and varieties of the American species Vitis labrusca and Vitis rotundifolia are cultivated in larger quantities. European varieties such as Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Syrah, Viognier and Zinfandel are also increasingly being grown.
It was not until 2003 that the Yadkin Valley was classified as the first AVA area, followed by Swan Creek as the second. The focus of viticulture is around Winston-Salem, which is also a tobacco growing center. There are around 25 production companies in total. The "Biltmore Estate Wine" winery near the city of Asheville (where the writer Thomas Wolfe was born) is the largest in America with around 3,500 hectares of vineyards. This is also where the Biltmore House, built by George Washington Vanderbilt (1862-1914) and opened in 1895, stands, a grandiose castle with 250 rooms in the French Renaissance style. The property is the most visited winery in America with 600,000 visitors annually (Mondavi has around 100,000 visitors). Other well-known wine producers include Black Wolf Vineyards, Germanton Vineyard & Winery, Hanover Park Vineyard, Ray Len Vineyards, Rag Apple Lassie Vineyards, Shelton Vineyards, and Westbend Vineyards.
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