What part of Kashmir is peaceful

India splits Kashmir into two directly administered areas

The Ladakh region on the border with China, which is predominantly inhabited by Buddhists, has been separated from the rest of the predominantly Muslim Jammu and Kashmir, the government announced. The decision of the Indian government was received with jubilation in Ladakh.

The two new governors took their oath of office on the same day. With this move, the Hindu nationalist government in New Delhi wants to strengthen its control over the Indian part of Kashmir.

Arrests and internet bans

To prevent protests, the government in New Delhi sent tens of thousands of soldiers to Jammu and Kashmir in August and severely restricted people's freedom of movement. Thousands of people were arrested, including many political leaders in the region. Several hundred Kashmiri people are still detained three months later. Thousands of police officers and other state-armed units are deployed in Srinagar and other cities in the Kashmir Valley.

Large demonstration in Garhi Dupatta when India wanted to revoke the special status in the constitution

In many places there is still no internet access. Protests and clashes with armed groups have reportedly killed at least 12 people in the past two months. Many schools are still closed.

Prime Minister Modi said in his home state of Gujarat that the Muslim-majority region of Kashmir now has a "bright future" ahead of it. In the past three decades, 40,000 people have fallen victim to "terrorism" in this conflict region.

At the beginning of August, New Delhi canceled the special status stipulated in the constitution with autonomy rights for the Indian part of Kashmir and imposed a curfew.

Divided since 1947

Since the independence of British India in 1947 and two wars, Kashmir has been divided between India and Pakistan. However, the region is still fully claimed by both India and Pakistan. Since 1989, several Muslim rebel groups have been fighting partly for the independence of Kashmir, partly for the connection of the region to Pakistan. Part of the region is also under Chinese control.

Merkel in India

Human rights will also be an issue when Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) visits India. Merkel also wants to clearly express her support for democracy, the rule of law and human rights in her talks. The German government sees the tense relations between Pakistan and India and the situation in Kashmir with concern. You are promoting de-escalation and peaceful conflict resolution through diplomatic channels.

Numerous agreements are to be signed at the fifth Indo-German government consultations in the capital New Delhi, to which Merkel traveled with several ministers. The talks will focus on economic and trade relations, the topics of innovation and digitization, climate protection, sustainable development and foreign and security policy issues.

Germany is India's largest trading partner in the EU. "We want to further strengthen our bilateral relations, learn from India, but also place our technological developments in India," said Merkel.

ni / mak (dpa, afp)