What distinguishes science from non-science

1.1 What is a scientific text?

A scientific text has different and in many ways stricter criteria suffice as a journalistic article or an essay, for example. Adhering to certain rules (stringency, transparency, etc.) and formal criteria (citation styles, chapter structure, etc.) is often perceived as laborious by students in particular, but is essential in the context of correct academic work.

The following summary of some important properties is intended to show that a scientific text is a highly complex product:

1) Scientific texts will be in a scientific Language drafted. That means they have a specific, neutral style and contain subject-specific Terminology. In most disciplines they are the manifest product of research, communicate the subject-specific research results and put them up for discussion in the scientific community. They are not for the general public, but rather written for professionals.

By comparing and juxtaposing findings and evaluating and reassessing empirical research material, they helped shape professional discourses.

2) The writing of scientific texts should not be confused with the writing down of finished thoughts. It builds on clear, general scientific methods on and needs the Evidence and the accuracy of the evaluation of the material as well as the critical and serious handling of all types of scientific literature and other sources. The latter means in particular that the results and text passages from other authors are always taken over precisely occupied will and transparent have to be.

What does this mean for you as a student?

a) You should be aware that you will be in the with your first chores too Scientific Community enter and follow their rules.

You wear that Responsibility for the seriousness of your texts and work and never know who will later read something that you may have written years ago.

b) You need to share your findings and findings communicate can, which is primarily a matter of practice in addition to learning some formal basics.

c) you need subject-specific knowledgethat you have to acquire in the course of your studies and independently update and expand.

d) You need to use both Contentthat you adopt as well as your own conclusions, as well as your choice of words and language critical learn to handle.

e) The content of your texts must be stringent, methodically correct and comprehensible be. You are not allowed to make any claims, but always have to cite references and references.

Stringency is a logical and comprehensible argument and the logical and clear structure of the work. The method also includes the way in which you deal with the text material, i.e. meaningful excerpt and working out of the core components of text material, linking, comparison and scientifically structured, analytical handling of content, etc.