Royal families are still important
Queen Elizabeth II. - The Queen of Discipline
Queen Elizabeth II has been on the British throne since February 6, 1952. Always by her side: husband Prince Philip, until his death in April 2021. The Queen leads a life in the service of the monarchy.
by Simone Nebelsieck
Criticism of the monarchy, a stranger in the royal bedchamber, family crises - there hardly seems to be anything that could really upset Queen Elizabeth II. Sit out and keep your composure is their motto. And the British Queen is trained in this. In the many years on the throne, Elizabeth has faced many a crisis - always well dressed in a suit with a hat in a coordinated color and a controlled facial expression. It is mostly not her own, but the scandals of her family members that the queen has to grapple with. The fact that she always remains calm - at least outwardly - is not least thanks to her iron discipline.
It is thanks to her discipline and perseverance that she now holds all royal records. Elizabeth has been the longest-serving monarch in the world since the death of King Bhumibol of Thailand on October 13, 2016. And she also broke the record of her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria: On September 9, 2015 at 6.30 p.m., Elizabeth was Queen for exactly 23,226 days, 16 hours and 23 minutes - making her the longest-serving monarch in the history of the British monarchy. Elizabeth II has sat on the royal throne for almost 70 years.
Public childhood and adolescence
When the Princess of York was born on April 21, 1926, hardly anyone expected that Elizabeth Alexandra Mary would one day become Queen of Great Britain. While her grandfather George V rules, Elizabeth is only third in line to the throne. After his death in 1936, her uncle Edward of Wales ascended the throne as planned. But after less than a year as king, he abdicated out of love for an American woman. Elizabeth's father George VI. replaces him on the throne - his eldest daughter automatically becomes crown princess. A life in public begins.
Apprenticeship as a car mechanic
In her new role as "Heiress Presumptive" - likely heir to the throne - Elizabeth quickly finds her way. At the age of 14, she gave her first radio address on the BBC's children's program. When she was 18, Elizabeth joined the ATS Home Aid Service and served as "Number 230873" to support her country during World War II. The princess proves that she is not too good for anything. She gets her driver's license and is trained as a car mechanic and driver. Elizabeth accompanies her parents on many official trips. The princess made her first major international appearance in 1947 on a state visit to South Africa. There she gives a radio address in which she pledges to serve the Commonwealth, the union of former British colonies.
Magnificent coronation in 1953
When her father George dies in 1952, Elizabeth's time has come: she ascends the throne and is crowned Queen on June 2, 1953 at Westminster Abbey in London. Elizabeth insists that the coronation ceremony be televised. An ambivalent relationship with the media begins. From now on, the private Elizabeth hardly exists anymore - the Queen is accompanied by cameras at every turn. Elizabeth quickly felt the downsides: The private life of the royal family was falling more and more into the limelight, and scandals were spreading. But the Queen wouldn't be the Queen if she hadn't stoically endured every scandal of her family members - whether adultery, divorce or quarrel. Always by your side: husband Prince Philip.
Married to childhood sweetheart Philip
Elizabeth met her great love at the tender age of 13 when she paid a visit to the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth. Philip is a cadet at the Royal Naval School and is 18 at the time. Some time later they meet again, the two fall in love and become a couple. On November 20, 1947, the princess and the naval officer tied the knot - it was the first ever aristocratic wedding to be televised.
Their first child Charles was born about a year later, and his sister Anne was born two years later. The sons Andrew and Edward follow in 1960 and 1964. The Queen is considered a strict mother. In love, as in other areas of life, it is also: constant. The Queen and her Prince were almost the only constant in the numerous gossip stories about failed relationships in the British royal family.
The succession is assured
The Queen does not have to worry about the continuation of the Windsor family tree. The following generations made for more "strong branches". Prince Charles has long been in the starting blocks to take over the throne. But the Queen does not seem to think about abdicating. However, over time, she leaves more and more tasks to her waiting son. And her grandson Prince William and his wife Kate often represent Elizabeth at official appointments. The speculation about whether the Eternal Queen could still voluntarily vacate the throne is fueled by this. But the British Queen is evidently not thinking of abdicating.
Throne anniversaries and 90th birthday
In June 2002 the monarch celebrates her golden jubilee on the throne. Queen guitarist Brian May plays "God Save The Queen" on the roof of Buckingham Palace in honor of his Queen. The celebrations for the 60th anniversary of the throne begin on June 3, 2012 with a large parade of ships on the Thames and end two days later with a parade of horse and carriage through central London. In the same year she took on a small but spectacular film role for the first time in her life. On the occasion of the opening ceremony of the XXX. At the Olympic Games, she poses for an action scene alongside British secret agent James Bond (played by Daniel Craig). "30 years ago such a story would have been inconceivable. And it is still inconceivable that it happened," said aristocratic expert Rolf Seelmann-Eggebert, recalling this spectacular performance.
"Even her grandchildren would not have trusted her to do that. But you never know what freedoms older women allow themselves," said the journalist. The fact that she had her grandchildren give her a cell phone so that she could communicate better with them is also part of the Queen's new looseness. "She wants to be close to her grandchildren," explains Seelmann-Eggebert, "she was never like that as a mother, but as a grandmother she is." Thousands of onlookers cheer Elizabeth in Windsor on her 90th birthday on April 21, 2016, and people across the country light beacons in her honor. But that's just a foretaste of the actual festival program: With a memorial service, the trooping the color military parade and the patron's lunch, a real celebration marathon for the royal jubilee follows from June 10th to 12th.
Brexit, Corona and the Megxit
World affairs do not stop at the old age of the monarch. The corona pandemic hits Great Britain particularly hard. In a televised address on April 5, 2020, Elizabeth II calls on her people to exercise British self-discipline and quiet determination. The Queen and husband Philip spend much of the year in isolation at Windsor Castle. At the end of 2020, Elizabeth will be part of another decisive event: after approval by the British Parliament, she will sign the treaty that seals Britain's exit from the EU.
Prince Harry and his wife Meghan, Duke and Duchess of Sussex are causing a new family turmoil. In spring 2020, the couple will withdraw from the royal family - and after the "Megxit" they will move to the USA with their son Archie. In an interview with talk show host Oprah Winfrey, Meghan raised allegations of racism against the British royal family. The Queen takes the allegations "very seriously", it said in a statement. More - typical of Elizabeth - does not make it public.
Death of Prince Philip and 95th birthday
Always by her side: her husband Prince Philip, who only withdrew from his royal obligations in 2017 at the age of 95. Elizabeth and Philip have been married for more than 73 years - longer than any British royal couple before them. On April 9, 2021, Prince Philip dies and with it the most important support of the Queen. "He was quite simply my support and my strength all these years," said Queen Elizabeth II of her husband. Now the queen, who will celebrate her 95th birthday on April 21, 2021, has to go on her way alone.
This topic in the program:
THE! | 04/19/2021 | 6:45 p.m.
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